from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A verbal adjective in Latin that in the nominative case expresses the notion of fitness or obligation and in other cases functions as a future passive participle.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a verbal adjective that describes obligation or necessity, equivalent in form to the future passive participle.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Pertaining to, or partaking of, the nature of the gerund; gerundial.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A name given originally by Latin grammarians to the future participle passive, as amandus, ‘to be loved, requiring to be loved,’ but also used in the grammars of other languages, as Sanskrit, to indicate verbal adjectives having a like office. Also gerundial.
The gerundive is a verbal adjective and must be used instead of gerund + object, excepting in the genitive and in the ablative without a preposition.
The gerundive is the name given to the future passive participle (§374. d) when the participle approaches the meaning of a verbal noun and is translated like a gerund.
A substantive in the ablative absolute for no known reason very seldom denotes a person or thing elsewhere mentioned in the same clause, but the conditional applies through the gerundive which is defined as a conditional anyway.
Then the infinitive must be rendered "by killing thee" -- a kind of gerundive use.
The issue of gerundive subjects comes up in a sentence like (3), where the question becomes whether me or my is the better choice:
Personally, I like the sound of that: an active process, implied by the present participle, or indeed by the gerundive.
What is more, even when this distinction has been drawn, the denotations of the gerundive phrases often remain ambiguous, especially when the verbs whose nominalizations appear in these phrases are causatives.
Etymology: New Latin, from Latin, neuter of referendus, gerundive of referre to refer
So the ablative absolute is a Latin based adverbial modifier of a predicative conditional sometimes described in English as a gerundive.
"Ghraib" or "ghriib" is the adjectival or gerundive form of "gharaba" for which the dictionary gives the most common meaning as strange, bizarre, etc., though in context of a prison, the banishment or exile meaning seems to be the correct one.
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