American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Anatomy A small cluster or mass of blood vessels or nerve fibers.
- n. Anatomy A tuft of capillaries situated within a Bowman's capsule at the end of a renal tubule in the vertebrate kidney that filters waste products from the blood and thus initiates urine formation.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A small ball, as of yarn or something resembling it. Specifically In anatomy, a capillary plexus; a conglomeration, congeries, or rete of minute vessels or nerves, or both; in particular, the vascular glomerulus of the kidney (see below).
- n. One of the powdery masses on the surface of some lichens.
- n. Cooke's Manual.—
- n. anatomy A small intertwined group of capillaries within nephrons of the kidney that filter the blood to make urine
- n. Any of several other similar intertwined masses of things
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Anat.) The bunch of looped capillary blood vessels in a Malpighian capsule of the kidney.
- n. a small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body; it filters the blood during urine formation
- New Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer-, ball. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“If you are speaking at the Society for Nephrology meeting, you probably don’t have to explain what a glomerulus is or convince them that its study is important for understanding kidney function.”
“Enteropneusta called the glomerulus, a vascular complex placed on either side of the anterior portion of the stomochord, projecting into the proboscis-coelom.”
“The glomerulus is a lobulated net-work of convoluted capillary bloodvessels, held together by scanty connective tissue.”
“A glomerulus is a capillary tuft surrounded by Bowman's capsule in nephrons of the vertebrate kidney.”
“Both lipid-soluble and polar substances will pass through the glomerulus into the tubule filtrate.”
“Small toxicants (both polar and lipid-soluble) are filtered with ease by the glomerulus.”
“The presence of albumin in the urine indicates that the glomerulus filtering system is damaged letting large molecules pass through.”
“This results from the large amount of blood flow through the glomerulus, the relatively large pores (40 angstrom, an angstom is one one-hundred millionth of a centimeter) in the glomerular capillaries, and the hydrostatic pressure of the blood.”
“Filtration, the first process, takes place in the glomerulus, the very vascular beginning of the nephron.”
“The nephron has three primary regions that function in the renal excretion process, the glomerulus, proximal tubule, and the distal tubule.”
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