American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Chiefly British The stems of peas, beans, potatoes, or grasses.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. collectively The stems of various cultivated plants, left after harvesting the crop to be used as animal litter or for thatching
- n. An individual plant stem.
- n. Part of a harness; a hame.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The denuded stems or stalks of such crops as buckwheat and the cereal grains, beans, etc.; straw.
- n. A part of a harness; a hame.
- n. stems of beans and peas and potatoes and grasses collectively as used for thatching and bedding
- From Middle English halm, from Old English healm. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English halm, straw, from Old English healm. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Another concession made by the farmer to the men was that each man was allowed after harvest a load of "haulm," or wheat stubble, left in the field from reaping time.”
“This "haulm" was useful not only for lighting fires with, but, like the bean stubs, for heating those capacious brick ovens in the old chimney corners, in which most of the cottagers then baked their own bread.”
“If, however, the straw, or "haulm," as it is more commonly called, is to be fed to live stock, the more quickly that the threshing is done after harvesting, the more valuable will the haulm be for such a use.”
“Not much knitting was done (a few rounds), and not much gardening (I threw some pea and poppy haulm from last year into the burn).”
“Mr. Swipes recommended dead pea-haulm, with the sticks left in it to ensure a draught.”
“Cowpea haulm was used as fodder for feeding animals and livestock.”
“Viruses are particularly difficult to control; methods include (in addition to the use of virus-free planting material) rogueing and destroying infected plants, control of aphids by insecticides, and, when potatoes are being grown for seed tubers, early destruction of the haulm.”
“Except for occasional use of the dried haulm, there is only scattered information on the deliberate use of the winged bean plant as a livestock food.”
“Asparagus haulm should also be cut and carried off the ground, and the beds dunged.”
“The name has been got from _healm_, or _haulm_, straw, and _leac_,”
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