American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. See scopolamine.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A non-crystallizable alkaloid obtainable only as a syrup from Hyoscyamus niger. It is known in commerce as amorphous hyoscyamine, and its salts are used in medicine to some extent.
- n. Scopolamine.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) An alkaloid found with hyoscyamine (with which it is also isomeric) in henbane, and extracted as a white, amorphous, semisolid substance.
- n. an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures
- German Hyoscin, from New Latin Hyoscyamus, henbane genus, from Greek huoskuamos, henbane : huos, genitive of hūs, swine; see sū- in Indo-European roots + kuamos, bean. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“In terminal care, drugs such as hyoscine hydrobromide or atropine may be used to reduce secretions and minimise this effect.”
“Scopolamine (scopolamine hydrobromide; first word pronounced: skoh-PAW-lah-mean), also known by another name -- hyoscine (hyoscine hydrobromide).”
“Association with propanthelin, hyoscine, atropine and chlorpromazine is not advised.”
“- Association with propantheline, hyoscine, atropine and chlorpromazine is not advised.”
“- Adult: atropine sulphate: 3 mg/d divided in 3 doses hyoscine butylbromide: 30 to 60 mg/d divided in 3 doses propanthelin: 45 to 90 mg/d divided in 3 doses”
“Atropine and hyoscine are used, to a large extent, in ophthalmic practice, to dilate the pupil of the eye (Trease and Evans, 1978).”
“D. stramonium L. contains from 0.2 to 0.45% alkaloids, the chief of which are hyoscyamine and hyoscine.”
“The roots contain, in addition to hyoscine and hyoscyamine, digitoyl esters of 3, 6 - dihydroxyatropane and 3, 6, 7 - trihydroxytropane, respectively and alkylamines”
“Since the main alkaloids of the extract are hyoscyamine and hyoscine, the expected results were that, the ambulation would have been decreased significantly, compared to that of amphetamine or similar to that of phenobarbitone, due to their sedative properties.”
“The plant was found to contain a mixture of the alkaloids hyoscyamine, and hyoscine,.”
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