American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A relatively rare blue, violet-blue, or greenish-blue translucent mineral, Na4-5Al3Si3O12S, the chief component of lapis lazuli.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The sodium-aluminium silicate which forms the essential part of the ornamental stone lapis lazuli.
- n. mineralogy A mineral of metamorphosed limestones. Lazurite forms the gemstone lapis lazuli, and crushed lazurite provided the ultramarine color in artists' paint of the old masters. sodalite and lazurite form the sodalite group of silicate minerals. Chemical composition: Sodium aluminum silicate with sulphur, .
- From Medieval Latin lazur ("lapis lazuli"), from Arabic (lzaward), because of the similar, distinctive blue coloring. (Wiktionary)
- Medieval Latin lāzur, lapis lazuli (from Arabic lāzaward; see lapis lazuli) + -ite1. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The first northern case (55) is covered with various Sulphates, or metals in combination with sulphuric acid, exhibiting beautiful crystals and colours, including sulphate of magnesia from Oregon; sulphate of zinc, or white vitriol; sulphate of iron, or green vitriol; and the splendid blue sulphates of copper from Hungary; beautiful sulphates of lead from Anglesea; sulphates of alumina; common alum; and the splendid specimens of lazurite, or lapis-lazuli, --”
“1828 M. Guimet succeeded in making an artificial ultramarine, known now extensively as French ultramarine, which is little, if at all, inferior in beauty to lazurite.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘lazurite’.
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Arabic loanwords in English are words acquired directly from Arabic or else indirectly by passing from Arabic into other languages and then into English. Most entered one or more of the Romance lan...
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