Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Zoology A protective external shell or case, as of a rotifer or any of certain other microscopic animals.
  • n. A cuirass or corselet worn by Roman soldiers.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A cuirass, originally of leather, afterward of plates of metal or horn sewed on linen or the like.
  • n. Lute for protecting vessels from the fire.
  • n. The protective case or shell of an infusorian or rotifer.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A cuirass, originally of leather, afterward of plates of metal or horn sewed on linen or the like.
  • n. Lute{1} for protecting vessels from the fire.
  • n. The protective case or shell of an infusorian or rotifer.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Roman antiquity, a cuirass or corselet.
  • n. In the middle ages, a military garment consisting of a loose jacket of leather upon which rings or small plates of iron were sewed; also, a coat of fence of any kind.
  • n. In zoology, a case or covering likened to a coat of mail.
  • n. An old name for a paste or lute with which vessels were coated in order to protect them when very strongly heated.
  • n. In botany: Same as testa, 2.
  • n. The silicious covering of the frustules of diatoms.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a hard protective sheath (as secreted by certain protoctists, for example)

Etymologies

Latin lōrīca, leather cuirass, perhaps from lōrum, thong.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin, literally "a corselet of thongs", from lorum ("thong"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Brachionus - These rotifers have a transparent turtle-like shell called a lorica and are found in a variety of habitats, freshwater and marine.

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  • "Lorica Glosses," or the glosses which accompany a long Latin prayer, really a charm, called "lorica" or "breast-plate," because it was recited thrice a day to protect the person who used it from all possible injury and accident.

    English Dialects From the Eighth Century to the Present Day

  • So even the Christian hymn of St. Patrick was called the lorica or breastplate of Patrick.] of power, woven of druidic verse, was upon Ulla [Footnote: Ulla is the Gaelic root of Ulster.] in his time, upon all the children of Rury in their going out and their coming in, in war and in peace.

    The Coming of Cuculain

  • i don't know if anyone noticed, but the black & yellow colorways are listed as "lorica" instead of leather. so these shoes are made of fine italian naugahyde?

    BSNYC Product Review: Vittoria 1976 Cycling Shoe

  • Included are some species regarded as rare, such as Litoria lorica, Cophixalus neglectus, C. bombiens, C. hosmeri, C. infacetus and Taudactylus rheophilus, a representative of a primitive endemic genus.

    Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Site, Australia

  • It had gone from the days of the lorica segmentata through chain mail to what was in the time of the Maid to complete sets of armor which covered the entire body.

    Archive 2008-02-24

  • Think of this champion, who devotes his body for us — this dauntless gladiator going to do battle alone in the darkness, with no other armor than a light helmet of cotton, and a lorica of calico.

    Roundabout Papers

  • In the saddle ahead was the tall praetor, resplendent in a mail lorica of golden leaf, a traditional crested helmet on his head and a red cape rippling behind, the very picture of Roman military bearing.

    Hadrian's Wall.html

  • His lorica or cuirass was of pretty tough leather.

    The Eternal Mercenary

  • Ubi ego capiam pro machaera turturem, [5] (68) pro galea scaphium, pro insigni sit corolla plectilis, 70 pro hasta talos, pro lorica malacum capiam pallium, ubi mihi pro equo lectus detur, scortum pro scuto accubet? apage a me, apage.

    Amphitryo, Asinaria, Aulularia, Bacchides, Captivi Amphitryon, The Comedy of Asses, The Pot of Gold, The Two Bacchises, The Captives

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Comments

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  • This word also denotes prayers of protection and was the Latin word for "armor".

    August 24, 2009