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When at the cathedra and even when standing, the Priest holds a "mappula" (gremiale).
In earlier ages the maniple was called by various names: mappula, sudarium, mantile, fano, manuale, sestace, and manipulus, appellations which indicate to some extent its original purpose.
The pallialinostima spoken of in the lives of Popes Sylvester and Zosimus, which appeared at this date in the "Liber Pontificalis", can be explained with most probability as references to the ornamental vestment called later mappula and manipulus.
The subdeacon then had no humeral veil, but rather held the paten with the pall (mappula, palla, sudarium), the forerunner of our chalice veil, the ends of which were thrown over the right shoulder.
While the Gospel is being sung, the Priest stands at the Cathedra holding the mappula.
About the close of the sixth century under the name of mappula it was also worn by the priests and deacons of Ravenna. (cf.
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