American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A carbohydrate the molecule of which is not divisible into simpler groups without loss of its essential characteristics. According to the number of carbon atoms, monosaccharides are divided into trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc. One of the best-known examples is the hexose dextrose (glucose).
GNU Webster's 1913
- (Chem.) A simple sugar; any of a number of sugars (including the trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc.), not decomposable into simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Specif., as used by some, a hexose. The monosaccharides are all open-chain compounds containing hydroxyl groups and either an aldehyde group or a ketone group.
- n. a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
“Simple CHOs consist of 1 sugar unit (monosaccharide) or 2 sugar units (disaccharides).”
“According to Wikipedia, it is a monosaccharide, or simple sugar, also known as grape sugar or corn sugar.”
“Enzymatic hydrolysis of the glycoside with b-D-glucosidase, gave 2,5 - dihydroxybenzyl alcohol from the ethyl acetate extract, identified as its triacetate, whereas acid hydrolysis with 5% ethanolic sulphuric acid gave 3 - hydroxy-2, 6-dimethoxyethyl benzoate and glucose, as the sole monosaccharide in the aqueous solution (TLC).”
“Traditionally, glucose and fructose have been considered as interchangeable monosaccharide substrates that are similarly metabolized, and little attention has been given to sugars other than glucose," the study states.”
“IE Polysaccharide split into monosaccharide, creating a foundation of sucrose that would essentially be dug into the later stages of the roast.”
“Your body breaks down almost all of these into glucose, the major monosaccharide, to use for basically all your energy needs.”
“Replacement of the 3-hydroxyl group with a monosaccharide or of the”
“Recently, monosaccharide-induced hepatic lipogenesis, but not insulin, was shown to suppress hepatic production of sex hormone-binding globulin in animals. 2 Because this pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of fatty liver, a major risk factor in type 2 diabetes,”
“I am not impressed with this 'new' raw type of monosaccharide (a single sugar molecule) derived from a genus of several combined shrubs and bushes native to subtropical and southern Tropical areas of South America and Central America.”
“But -- not to sound elitist or anything -- the monosaccharide fructose simply doesn't taste as good as the disaccharide white sugar and not nearly as good as more expensive and boutique sweeteners such as raw sugar, brown sugar, maple sugar, honey, agave nectar and yacón syrup.”
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