Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of the numerous filtering units of the vertebrate kidney that remove waste matter from the blood.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney, which filters the blood in order to regulate chemical concentrations, and thereby produces urine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. any of the small tubules that are the excretory units of the vertebrate kidney

Etymologies

German, from Greek nephros, kidney.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek νεφρός (nephros, "kidney"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • This is known as nephron-sparing surgery, or partial nephrectomy, and is commonly performed using traditional open surgery.

    EurekAlert! - Breaking News

  • The nephron is the fundamental unit of the kidney, the parenchyma; it has three significant and distinct roles: filtration, reabsorption and secretion.

    Conservapedia - Recent changes [en]

  • - The nephron is a lipid membrane and in an the emergency department for the diagnosis of an alkaline environment more salicylate is intoxicated patient.

    Recently Uploaded Slideshows

  • The “particles,” I explained, were the protein in her urine, which had been allowed to flow through her damaged glomeruli, the little filtration units in every nephron of the kidney.

    After the Diagnosis

  • Storage in the kidneys is associated primarily with the cells of the nephron (the functional unit for urine formation).

    Distribution of toxicants in the body

  • A considerable amount of the blood plasma filters through the glomerulus into the nephron tubule.

    Excretion of toxicants

  • In some cases, large molecules (including some that are protein-bound) may be secreted (by passive transfer) from the blood across capillary endothelial cells and nephron tubule membranes to enter the urine.

    Excretion of toxicants

  • Secretion, which occurs in the proximal tubule section of the nephron, is responsible for the transport of certain molecules out of the blood and into the urine.

    Excretion of toxicants

  • The nephron has three primary regions that function in the renal excretion process, the glomerulus, proximal tubule, and the distal tubule.

    Excretion of toxicants

  • Filtration, the first process, takes place in the glomerulus, the very vascular beginning of the nephron.

    Excretion of toxicants

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.