from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of or pertaining to the noumenon or the realm of things as they are in themselves.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of or pertaining to the noumenon; real; -- opposed to
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to a noumenon.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Mr. James demonstrates the supreme absurdity of the notion of noumenal existence, or of any created existence which has life _in se_.
The noumenal is the great mystery - things as they really are.
He argued that humans only experience the 'phenomena' our senses provide, and therefore we cannot know the 'real' or "noumenal" world.
There is nothing we can say about a "noumenal" world -- a world as it really is beyond the categories of empirical experience.
Reality is a broader term, although it seems that the reality to which Tillich or Kaufman points is not necessarily "noumenal" in a Kantian sense.
That God reposed alone through all the past eternities, but roused some day and sent forth a shout, or six successive shouts, and spoke things out of nothing into "noumenal" existence, were absurd enough, to use Mr. James's nervous English, "to nourish a standing army of Tom Paines into annual fatness."
Such a proposal is distinct from pantheistic notions which equate God with the natural world, because D'Espagnat relegates the natural world - the world of space, time and matter - to what Kant referred to as the 'phenomenal' world, the world produced by the modus operandi of our minds upon the noumenal world.
In theological terms, D'Espagnat's epistemological structural realism then enables him to advocate a pantheistic, noumenal concept of God.
In other words, God is equated with the noumenal world, the unknowable world beyond our empirical experience and observation.
Kant seems to nod in this direction with his (dubious) noumenal/phenomenal split, but he was quite firm that we cannot apprehend the noumena.