American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A covered litter carried on poles on the shoulders of four or more bearers, formerly used in eastern Asia.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A covered conveyance, generally for one person, used in India and elsewhere in the East, borne by means of poles on the shoulders of four or six men. The palanquin proper is a sort of box about 8 feet long, 4 feet wide, and as much in height, with wooden shutters made on the principle of the Venetian blind. It used to be a very common conveyance in India, especially among the European residents, but the introduction of railways and the improvement of the roads have caused it to be almost wholly abandoned by Europeans. In Japan the palanquin is called
norimono, and is suspended from a pole or beam passing over the top. A similar conveyance called a kiaotsŭ is extensively used in some parts of China; it is, however, furnished with long shafts before and behind instead of the pole, and is carried by mules. Compare kago.
- To be carried in a palanquin: sometimes with it.
- n. A covered type of litter for a stretched-out passenger, carried on four poles on the shoulders of four or more bearers, as formerly used (also by colonials) in eastern Asia.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An inclosed carriage or litter, commonly about eight feet long, four feet wide, and four feet high, borne on the shoulders of men by means of two projecting poles, -- used in India, China, etc., for the conveyance of a single person from place to place.
- n. a closed litter carried on the shoulders of four bearers
- From Portuguese palanquim, ultimately from Sanskrit पल्यङ्क (paly-aṅka, "bed, couch, bedstead"). (Wiktionary)
- Portuguese palanquim, from Javanese pelangki, from Pali pallaṅko, from Sanskrit paryaṅkaḥ, palyaṅkaḥ, couch, bed. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Beneath the Virgin's palanquin is laid an extraordinary carpet of colored sawdust, arranged into artistic and inventive patterns.”
“The grandees, when they appear abroad, are carried in a kind of palanquin, which is borne on two negroes 'shoulders.”
“Other elites — including samurai, nobles, village headmen, the wealthy — traveled by palanquin aka litter.”
“The pagoda, as he persisted in calling the palanquin, had been left standing on the spot where we last saw it.”
“Bonzes march in front, dressed in robes of black gauze, having much the appearance of Catholic priests; the principal object of interest of the procession, the corpse, comes last, laid in a sort of little closed palanquin, which is daintily pretty.”
“A favourite mode of travelling in China and other countries of the East is by palanquin, which is a kind of wooden box, about twice as long as it is high, with shutters and other appliances to make it comfortable.”
“When they go abroad they are carried in what is called a palanquin, borne on the shoulders of servants, if they do not choose to ride on a horse or an elephant.”
“In front walks a _Maggiordomo_, and following the palanquin are a few retainers.”
“The bloviating movie star enters the studio on a Cleopatra-style throne carried by four Egyptian-costumed musclemen (Google tells me it's called a palanquin), and starts by offering Conan his "heartfelt" congratulations on the night of his”
“The body, on an open bier, borne on a kind of palanquin, covered with a gay cloth of crimson and gold.”
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