from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A symptom of aphasia in which the sufferer substitutes a spoken word different from the one intended.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In pathology, the use of one word for another, or of one syllable for another: a phase of aphasia.
_ -- In this kind of paraphasia in adults the cause is a lack of attention; therefore purely central concentration is wanting, or one fails to "collect himself"; there is distraction, hence the unintentional, frequently unconscious, confounding of words similar in sound or connected merely by remote, often dim, reminiscences.
Tom Whitmore @779 -- That sounds like an example of verbal paraphasia scroll down.
Turns out there's a name for this -- a literal paraphasia -- and it's just one kind of "senior moment," an unscientific term for a variety of mental glitches.
It looks like a case of iatrogenic paraphasia, perhaps induced by an accidental lesion to the temporal lobe?
In contrast, an out-of-class semantic or verbal paraphasia is so far removed from the actual thing that the utterance seems idiosyncratic and the meaning is obscure: private word usage.
An in-class semantic (referring to the meaning of words) or verbal paraphasia is a word usage that, although imprecise, remains understandable because the approximate word or phrase relates to some characteristic of the precise word (e.g., its basic function or class).
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