Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Originally, an ample mantle, usually of costly material, similar to the pænula, or chasuble in its earlier or circular form. It was worn by the wealthy, and especially by senators, officials, and nobles. in Rome and other parts of the West during the fifth and sixth centuries.
- n. Hence A chasuble. The name planeta (apparently unknown to the Greek Church) seems to have been especially used during the seventh and eighth centuries. After this the vestment was usually called a casula or chasuble; but planeta is still the official term in the Roman Catholic Church. At certain penitential seasons (Advent, Lent, etc.) the deacon and subdeacon in cathedrals and some other churches wear a folded planeta (planeta plicata), except in reading the epistle and gospel.
“On such days the deacons either wore no vestment over the alb or put on, instead of the dalmatic the so-called planeta plicata, a dark-coloured chasuble folded in a particular manner.”
“Hoy los esfuerzos comienzan a dar resultado, hay nuevas generaciones, cambio social y leyes que pretenden resguardar el planeta o al menos intentarlo.”
“Deacon and subdeacon sometimes wear a folded chasuble (planeta plicata) ... the deacon, before chanting the Gospel, folded it like a mantle under the right arm in order to perform his functions more conveniently.”
“With the Subdeacons in Rome, as we have heard earlier, the planeta fell out of use in the 9th century by being replaced by an outer tunic modeled on the dalmatic, except for penitential times, in which they, too, continued to make use of the chasuble.”
“As was mentioned in an earlier quote from Braun, originally the actual stole of the deacon was not worn in this angled, sash-like fashion; when it was, was apparently only within the context of the planeta plicata:”
“In considering the history of the planeta plicata, it seems best to begin with what is surmised about its early use, and the use of the chasuble more generally.”
“What I am speaking of is the planeta plicata and stola latior, or, the folded chasuble and broad stole.”
“We would be remiss to not give a brief consideration to the question of the use of the planeta plicata within the context of other Western liturgical rites and uses.”
“Now the deacon divests himself before the Gospel of the planeta plicata and takes it back after the last ablution.”
“Thanks to Gregor Kollmorgen for the translation of the Braun excerpts from German to English and for also highlighting the matter of the diagonal wearing of the diaconal stole and how that may be related to the planeta plicata.”
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