American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A monk's sleeveless outer garment that hangs from the shoulders and sometimes has a cowl.
- n. A badge worn by affiliates of certain religious orders, consisting of two pieces of cloth joined by shoulder bands and worn under the clothing on the chest and back.
- n. One of the feathers covering the shoulder of a bird.
- adj. Anatomy Of or relating to the shoulder or scapula.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to the shoulders or the shoulder-blades; pertaining to the scapula (in any sense), or to scapulars. Also scapulary.
- Posterior, the continuation of the transversalis colli along the vertebral border of the scapula as far as the inferior angle.
- n. A short cloak with a hood, apparently confined to monastic orders, and among them the garment for use while at work, etc., as distinguished from a fuller and longer robe; hence, specifically, a long narrow strip of cloth, covering the shoulders and hanging down before and behind to the knees, worn by certain religious orders; two small pieces of cloth connected by strings, and worn over the shoulders by lay persons in the Roman Catholic Church, as a token of devotion, in honor of the Virgin Mary, etc. The original scapular was first introduced by St. Benedict, in lieu of a heavy cowl for the shoulders. Also
- n. In surgery, a bandage for the shoulder-blade. Also scapulary.
- n. In ornithology, the bundle of feathers which springs from the pteryla humeralis or humeral tract, at or near the shoulder, and lies along the side of the back; the shoulder-feathers: generally used in the plural. Also scapulary. See cut under covert.
- n. Christianity A cloth talisman, usually with an embroidered image of a saint, worn around the neck.
- n. zoology One of a special group of feathers which arise from each of the scapular regions and lie along the sides of the back.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to the scapula or the shoulder.
- n. (Zoöl.) One of a special group of feathers which arise from each of the scapular regions and lie along the sides of the back.
- n. A loose sleeveless vestment falling in front and behind, worn by certain religious orders and devout persons.
- n. The name given to two pieces of cloth worn under the ordinary garb and over the shoulders as an act of devotion.
- n. (Surg.) A bandage passing over the shoulder to support it, or to retain another bandage in place.
- n. a feather covering the shoulder of a bird
- n. garment consisting of a long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head; part of a monastic habit
- adj. relating to or near the shoulder blade
- From Latin scapulāre, from Latin scapula ("shoulder"). Compare scapulary. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English scapulare, from Late Latin scapulāre, from neuter of scapulāris, pertaining to the shoulders or scapulae, from scapula, shoulder; see scapula. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The Blessed Virgin scapular should remind us that Christians have an apostolate against current extremes and extravagances in modes of dress.”
“A smaller form of the scapular is given to lay persons in order that they may share in the great graces associated with it.”
“For non-Catholics: a scapular is two scraps of wool cloth with an image of the Blessed Mother on it worn front and back over the shoulders (it's actually a residual religious habit) as a sign of following the order of Mount Carmel, a very ancient order that traces its history back to the prophet Elijah on Mount Carmel, a way of fasting and prayer and holiness of life.”
“Although this badge is often called a scapular, it is not really such; consequently the conditions governing scapulars do not apply to it.”
“In fact the feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel began to be called the scapular feast.”
“One of the early Carmelites in his enthusiasm went so far as to call the scapular a "sacrament.”
“The scapular is a long, broad piece of woolen cloth forming a part of the religious dress of monks, priests and sisters of some religious orders.”
“It is called scapular because it rests on the shoulders.”
“The scapular is a large broad piece of cloth worn by the monks and priests of some of the religious orders.”
“The religious chose a white habit, to put them continually in mind of innocence: they wear a scapular, which is likewise white: but the king would oblige them, for his sake, to bear the royal arms of Aragon, which are interwoven on their habit upon the breast.”
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