American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A white ceremonial vestment made of linen or lawn, worn by bishops and other church dignitaries.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Originally, a short cloak worn by men of all degrees, also by women (in this case frequently a white linen outer garment).
- n. Eccles., a close-fitting vestment of linen or lawn, worn by bishops and some others. It reaches to the knees or lower, and has close sleeves extending to the wrists, or is sleeveless. The rochet is a variety of the alb or surplice, the latter differing from both alb and rochet by the fullness of its sleeves. In the Roman Catholic Church the rochet is worn by bishops and abbots, usually under a manteletta, and, as a choir vestment, by some canons. In the Anglican Church the rochet is worn under the chimere—these vestments constituting the distinctive episcopal habit as ordinarily worn in church and in Parliament and Convocation. The lawn sleeves are now made very full, and attached to the chimere, not to the rochet.
- n. Hence, a bishop: also used attributively.
- n. A mantelet worn by the peers of England during ceremonies.
- n. A kind of fish, the roach or piper gurnard.
- To invest with a rochet.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Eccl.) A linen garment resembling the surplise, but with narrower sleeves, also without sleeves, worn by bishops, and by some other ecclesiastical dignitaries, in certain religious ceremonies.
- n. obsolete A frock or outer garment worn in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
- n. (Zoöl.) The red gurnard, or gurnet. See gurnard.
- Middle English, from Old French, of Germanic origin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The name rochet (from the medieval roccus) was scarcely in use before the thirteenth century.”
“Lateran Congregation is a white woolen cassock with a linen rochet, which is worn as an essential part of the daily dress.”
“Cardinal Sigismondo Gonzaga, a very beautiful kneeling figure, robed in the habit of a Cardinal, with the rochet, which is also a portrait from life; and in front of that Cardinal is a portrait of Signora Leonora, the daughter of the same Marquis, who was then a girl, and afterwards became Duchess of Urbino.”
“Then the two deacons assistants to the throne, who are wearing rochet instead of the albs, and no maniples.”
“If a bishop, I think a rochet might be more likely.”
“Fight for the bishops, says a priest, with his gown and rochet — Stand stout for the Kirk, cries a minister, in a”
“But it was long ere these scandalous and immoral sports could be abrogated; — the rude multitude continued attached to their favourite pastimes, and, both in England and Scotland, the mitre of the Catholic — the rochet of the reformed bishop — and the cloak and band of the Calvinistic divine — were, in turn, compelled to give place to those jocular personages, the Pope of”
“He sits on a tasseled throne and wears vestments consisting of a diaphanous white rochet and red skullcap: he is Francesco della Rovere, Pope Sixtus IV.”
“As surpluis and rochet, and suche linnen garmentes: shauen crownes, tourninges at the altare, our masse solempnities, our organes, our knielinges, crouchinges, praiers, and other of that kinde.”
“It is the likeness of a pope, answered Pantagruel; I know it by the triple crown, his furred amice, his rochet, and his slipper.”
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