American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A vestment worn by ancient Hebrew priests.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A Jewish priestly vestment, specifically that worn by the high priest. It was woven “of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen,” and was made in the form of a double apron, covering the upper part of the body in front and behind, the two parts of the apron being united at the shoulders by a seam or by shoulder-straps, and drawn together lower down by a girdle of the same material as that of the garment itself. On each shoulder was fixed an onyx stone set in gold and engraved with the names of six of the tribes of Israel, and just above the girdle was fixed the breastplate of judgment. (See Ex. xxviii. 6-12.) In later times the ephod was not worn exclusively by the high priest, but when worn by others, as priests of lower rank, it was usually made of linen.
- n. An amice: a name formerly sometimes used in the Western Church, and also in use in the Coptic and Armenian churches. See vakass.
- n. biblical, Judaism A priestly apron, or breastplate, described in the Bible in Exodus 28: vi - xxx, which only the chief priest of ancient Israel was allowed to wear.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Jew. Antiq.) A part of the sacerdotal habit among Jews, being a covering for the back and breast, held together on the shoulders by two clasps or brooches of onyx stones set in gold, and fastened by a girdle of the same stuff as the ephod. The ephod for the priests was of plain linen; that for the high priest was richly embroidered in colors. The breastplate of the high priest was worn upon the ephod in front.
- From Classical Hebrew. This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Late Latin, from Hebrew 'ēpôd; see אpd in Semitic roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Pentateuch, but to be a priest, -- for in his ministry he wears the linen ephod, the _ephod bad_, and even the pallium (1Samuel ii.”
“And the curious girdle of the ephod, which is upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; even of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.”
“The ephod was the high priest's upper vestment; and the rational his vestplate, in which were twelve gems, etc.”
“And the ends of the chains themselves, thou shalt join together with two hooks, on both sides of the ephod, which is towards the rational.”
“The ephod was the high priest's upper vestment; and the rational his breastplate, in which were twelve gems, etc.”
“About the shoulders he also wore a garment called the ephod; this was made of costly material, and consisted of two portions about an ell long, which covered the back and breast, were held together above by two shoulderbands or epaulets, and terminated below with a magnificent girdle.”
“The ephod is a kind of garment mentioned in the O.T., which differed according to its use by the high-priest, by other persons present at religious services, or as the object of idolatrous worship.”
“The third part of the ephod was the cincture, of the same material as the main part of the ephod and woven in one piece with it, by which it was girt around the waist (Lev., viii, 7).”
“It must not be imagined that the ephod was the ordinary garb of the high-priest; he wore it while performing the duties of his ministry (Ex., xxviii, 4; Lev., viii, 7; I K., ii, 28) and when consulting the Lord.”
“Indian Archimagus officiates in making the supposed holy fire for the yearly atonement of sin, the Sagan clothes him with a white ephod, which is a waistcoat without sleeves.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘ephod’.
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The garb according to canon.
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