American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Having a row of columns across the front only, as in some Greek and Roman temples.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In architecture, noting a portico in which the columns stand out entirely in front of the walls of the building to which it is attached; also, noting a temple or other structure having columns in front only, but across the whole front, as distinguished from a portico in antis, or a structure characterized by such a portico. See amphiprostyle, anta, and portico.
- adj. of a structure Having pillars only along the front side
- n. A building having pillars only along the front side
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Arch.) Having columns in front.
- adj. marked by columniation having free columns in a portico only across the opening to the structure
- Ancient Greek πρόστυλος (próstȳlos, "having pillars"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin prostȳlos, from Greek prostūlos : pro-, in front; see pro- + stūlos, pillar. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“If the portico were formed merely by a row of columns without the aid of walls it was called a prostyle temple; if the same construction were also placed at the rear of the building it was amphiprostyle.”
“Did a vestibule exist at the front only, the temple would be called prostyle; as it is, it is amphiprostyle.”
“Athens, Philo set up columns in front before the temple, and made it prostyle.”
“First there is the temple in antis, or [Greek: naos en parastasin] as it is called in Greek; then the prostyle, amphiprostyle, peripteral, pseudodipteral, dipteral, and hypaethral.”
“The amphiprostyle is in all other respects like the prostyle, but has besides, in the rear, the same arrangement of columns and pediment.”
“The prostyle is in all respects like the temple in antis, except that at the corners, opposite the antae, it has two columns, and that it has architraves not only in front, as in the case of the temple in antis, but also one to the right and one to the left in the wings.”
“Among them are a Roman bridge and a rock-hewn theatre, with nine tiers of seats and an orchestra fifty-seven feet in diameter, also a nymphaeum, an aqueduct, a large prostyle temple with portico and colonnades, and a peripteral temple preceded by a double colonnade.”
“In the latter, excepting in the prostyle temple, the front had hardly any distinctive characteristic, in the peripteral, amphiprostyle, and other temples the back and front were alike.”
“The temple of +Concord+, of which only the podium remains, and the small temple of Julius (both of these in the Forum) illustrate another form of prostyle temple in which the porch was on a long side of the cella.”
“B.C., is a tetrastyle prostyle pseudoperipteral temple with a high _podium_ or base, a typical Etruscan cella, and a deep porch, now walled up, but thoroughly Greek in the elegant details of its Ionic order (Fig. 51).”
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