American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A Christian subject under an Ottoman ruler.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. See Raya.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Turkey. A person not a Mohammedan, who pays the capitation tax.
- Turkish reaya, from Arabic ra‘iyah (Wiktionary)
- Turkish râya, from Arabic ra'īyah, subject, flock, from ra'ā, to pasture, feed; see rʿy in Semitic roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The word for “shepherd” (rayah) sounds very much like “darling companion” (raayah) in the original language, which name he gives her in 1.9.”
“In return for our great condescension in having accepted this rayah (the Voivode of Wallachia) amongst the other subjects of our empire, he will be bound to pay into our treasury, every year, the sum of 6,000 red piastres of the country. ”
“But the spectacle of a Turkish Pasha inciting Christian rayah against an army of Moslems aroused the wrath of the Faithful throughout the Empire.”
“The term by which the Turk described his Christian neighbour was "our rayah," that is, "our subject.”
“It has asserted its sway from Indus to the Pole, and is to be met with in every possible variety, from the Napoleon blue silk of the London exquisite, to the coarse red or green cotton of the Turkish rayah.”
“Brands of the World is also a great place for designers to upload their own logo designs with their professional details to showcase their work and get exposure. rayah-d, comunicación visual, playa del carmen, qroo, méx.”
“Are we not of the purest blood of the plains, and is not Acota but a rayah of the mountains? ”
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