American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An acute, often fatal, contagious viral disease, chiefly of cattle, characterized by ulceration of the alimentary tract and resulting in diarrhea.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An acute infectious disease of cattle, appearing occasionally among sheep, and communicable to other ruminants. In western Europe the disease has prevailed from time to time since the fourth century in extensive epizoötics. From its home on the steppes of eastern Russia and central Asia it has been carried westward by the great migrations and later by the transportation of cattle. The losses in Europe have been enormous. Thus, in 1711-14 1,500,000 beeves are said to have perished, and in 1870-1 30,000 beeves in France alone. The infection (the precise nature of which has not yet been definitely determined) may be transmitted directly by sick animals or indirectly by manure, or by persons and animals going from the sick to the well. It may be carried a short distance in the air. Its vitality is retained longest in the moist condition. The disease, after a period of incubation of from three to six days, begins with high temperature, rapid pulse, and cessation of milk-secretion. This latent period is followed by a congestion of all the visible mucous membranes, on which small erosions or ulcers subsequently develop. About 90 per cent. of all attacked die in from four to seven days after the appearance of the disease. If the animal survives, one attack confers a lasting immunity.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also
cattle plague, Russian cattle plague, and steppe murrain.
- n. an acute infectious viral disease of cattle (usually fatal); characterized by fever and diarrhea and inflammation of mucous membranes
- From German Rinderpest ("cattle plague"). (Wiktionary)
- German : Rinder, genitive pl. of Rind, head of cattle, ox (from Middle High German rint, from Old High German hrind; see ker-1 in Indo-European roots) + Pest, plague (from Latin pestis). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“But while rinderpest is on the verge is being eradicated, PPR is on the verge of spreading across southern Africa.”
“Known as rinderpest, the disease came to Kenya and Tanzania when infected cattle were imported from the Horn of Africa around 1890.”
“Modern science explains the wasting away of savage men; it says that we have diseases which we can bear, though they cannot, and that they die away before them as our fatted and protected cattle died out before the rinderpest, which is innocuous, in comparison, to the hardy cattle of the”
“He has also carried out work of exceptional importance, concerning a host of destructive tropical cattle diseases, such as rinderpest, Surra disease, Texas fever, and finally concerning coast fever in cattle and the trypanosome disease carried by the tsetse fly.”
“Measles, for example, is a variant of rinderpest, a cow disease.”
“At a ceremony at FAO headquarters in Rome, Diouf also announced the eradication of the contagious viral cattle plague known as rinderpest by mid-2011.”
“He said the deadly cattle plague, rinderpest will be completely eradicated by mid-2011.”
“Diouf added that FAO is concluding its field operations to combat rinderpest.”
“When rinderpest was eradicated in the 1960s, the wildebeest and other hoofed species bounced back.”
“A human-introduced disease, rinderpest, almost wiped out wildebeest in parts of Africa, which in turn led to a build-up of woody vegetation, resulting in devastating wildfires.”
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