from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of various marine and freshwater fishes of the family Cottidae, having a large flattened head and prominent spines.
- n. A scorpion fish (Scorpaena guttata) of California coastal waters. Also called sea scorpion.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A small fish of the family Cottidae, usually lacking scales. Often found on river bottoms and in tidal pools.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Any one of numerous species of marine cottoid fishes of the genus Cottus, or Acanthocottus, having a large head armed with several sharp spines, and a broad mouth. They are generally mottled with yellow, brown, and black. Several species are found on the Atlantic coasts of Europe and America.
- n. A large cottoid market fish of California (Scorpænichthys marmoratus); -- called also bighead, cabezon, scorpion, salpa.
- n. The dragonet, or yellow sculpin, of Europe (Callionymus lyra).
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A callionymoid fish, Callionymus lyra, having at the angle of the preoperculum a strong compressed dentate spine; a dragonet: more fully called yellow sculpin. See dragonet, 2, and cut under Callionymus.
- n. A mean or mischief-making fellow.
- n. A cottoid fish, especially of the genus Cottus (or Acanthocottus), as C. scorpius of the northern Atlantic; C. grœnlandicus, the daddysculpin; C. æneus, the grubby of the New England and New York coasts.
- n. A hemitripteroid fish, Hemitripterus acadianus, occurring in deeper water than the true sculpins off the northeastern coast of America. Also called deep-water sculpin, yellow sculpin, and sea-raven. See cut under sea-raven.
- n. A scorpænoid fish, Scorpæna guttata, of the southern Californian coast, there called scorpene. See cut under Scorpæna.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. any of numerous spiny large-headed usually scaleless scorpaenoid fishes with broad mouths
I wuz wid yer gran'pa at Fort Mimms, down erbout Mobile, an 'I seed 'em killin' folks an 'sculpin' uv 'em; an, mo'n dat, ef'n I hadn't er crope under er log, an 'flattent myse'f out like er allergator, dey'd er got me; an' den, ergin, dey don't talk like no folks.
Seems that Lake Michigan gobie population densities are increasing, while alewife and sculpin populations are decreasing, with overall prey fish populations decreasing, affecting salmon, steelhead, and lake trout.
Most of the time, olive, sculpin, brown or black will work better than lighter colors.
So our moss green or olive jigs, as well as sculpin (olive/brown), brown and blacks match the color of sculpin quite well.
Then I try black, sculpin/peach, purple, brown and brown/orange in that order.
Colors - white has been the best by far but should have an olive, sculpin, purple, black or brown/orange ready just in case.
Conehead pine squirrel sculpin would have to be my choice.
For bottom dwelling species like catfish and sculpin, electrofishing can work, like the old crank phone boxes meantioned by CGULL above, but the data is not as reliable, as the fish do not float to the surface as effectively when shocked, preventing consistent data.
In estuarine habitats, there are likely to be shifts in species composition to more euryhaline and anadromous species (e.g., fourhorn sculpin – Myoxocephalus quadricornis, ninespine stickleback – Pungitius pungitius, threespine stickleback – Gasterosteus aculeatus, Arctic flounder – Pleuronectes glacialis, salmonines, and coregonines).
Fish species are lake trout, Arctic grayling, round whitefish (Prosopium cylindraceum), burbot, and slimy sculpin (Cottus cognatus), which feed on benthic chironomid larvae and snails, the latter controlling epilithic algae in the lake.
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