from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A construction in which a form, such as a pronoun, differs in number but agrees in meaning with the word governing it, as in If the group becomes too large, we can split them in two.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A construction in which adherence to some element in the sense causes a departure from strict syntax, as in “Philip went down to Samaria and preached Christ unto them.”
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In grammar and rhetoric, construction according to the sense, in violation of strict syntax.
Philosopher says that things connected with prudence "seem to be natural," namely "synesis, gnome" [* _synesis_ and _gnome_, Cf. I-II,
Aristotle says (Ethic. vi, 9, 10, 11) that "good counsel," "synesis" and
The incontinent man so fails because he has failed to cultivate the appropriate virtues that would enable him to size up the situation correctly (synesis) and deliberate well about it
Hence it is necessary to judge of such matters according to higher principles than the common laws, according to which _synesis_ judges: and corresponding to such higher principles it is necessary to have a higher virtue of judgment, which is called _gnome, _ and which denotes a certain discrimination in judgment.
Objection 1: It would seem that _gnome_ is not a special virtue distinct from _synesis.
_I answer that, _ _synesis_ signifies a right judgment, not indeed about speculative matters, but about particular practical matters, about which also is prudence.
Therefore, just as "eubulia" which refers to counsel, is connected with prudence, and "synesis" and "gnome" which refer to judgment, so also ought something to have been assigned corresponding to use.
Secondly indirectly, through the good disposition of the appetitive power, the result being that one judges well of the objects of appetite: and thus a good judgment of virtue results from the habits of moral virtue; but this judgment is about the ends, whereas _synesis_ is rather about the means.
Objection 1: It would seem that _synesis_ is not a virtue.
Therefore _synesis_ extends to all matters of judgment, and consequently there is no other virtue of good judgment called _gnome.
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