from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The 23rd letter of the modern English alphabet.
- n. Any of the speech sounds represented by the letter w.
- n. The 23rd in a series.
- n. Something shaped like the letter W.
- abbr. weight
- abbr. width
- abbr. Physics work
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The twenty-third letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
- n. The first letter of callsigns allocated to American broadcast television and radio stations east of the Mississippi river.
- n. voiced labial-velar approximant
- n. The twenty-third letter of the English alphabet, called double-u and written in the Latin script.
- abbr. watt
- abbr. west
- abbr. wide
- abbr. white
- abbr. witness
- abbr. work
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- the twenty-third letter of the English alphabet, is usually a consonant, but sometimes it is a vowel, forming the second element of certain diphthongs, as in few, how. It takes its written form and its name from the repetition of a V, this being the original form of the Roman capital letter which we call U. Etymologically it is most related to v and u. See V, and U. Some of the uneducated classes in England, especially in London, confuse w and v, substituting the one for the other, as weal for veal, and veal for weal; wine for vine, and vine for wine, etc. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 266-268.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- An abbreviation [lowercase] in a ship's log-book, of wet dew
- of Western Postal District, London
- [lowercase] of wife
- of Wolfram
- [lowercase or cap.] in electrotechnics, of work
- in electricity, of watt, the unit of electric power
- nautical, of winter free-board line. See free-board.
- An abbreviation of West Africa
- of West Australia.
- An abbreviation of wave-length.
- An abbreviation of Worshipful Master.
- An abbreviation of War Office.
- The twenty-third letter and eighteenth consonant-sign in the English alphabet.
- As a symbol:
- In chem., the symbol for tungsten (NL. wolframium).
- In hydrodynamics, the symbol for the component of the velocity parallel to the axis of Z.
- As an abbreviation:
- of west;
- of western;
- of William;
- of Wednesday;
- of Welsh;
- of warden;
- of week.
- n. An abbreviation of Water Board
- n. of way-bill.
- n. An abbreviation [lowercase or cap.] of water-closet
- n. of Wesleyan Chapel
- n. of Western Central (London Postal District)
- n. [lowercase] of without charge.
- n. An abbreviation of West Indies.
- n. An abbreviation of Worthy Patriarch.
- n. Ar. abbreviation of West Riding;
- n. of William Rex (King William).
- n. An abbreviation of West Saxon.
- n. In printing, an abbreviation of wrong font: a mark on the margin of a proof, calling attention to the fact that the letter or letters, etc., opposite differ from the rest in size or face.
- n. An abbreviation of Worthy Grand, prefixed to various titles of office among Free-masons and similar orders: as, W. G. C. (Worthy Grand Chaplain or Conductor).
- n. An abbreviation of writer to the signet. See signet.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a unit of power equal to 1 joule per second; the power dissipated by a current of 1 ampere flowing across a resistance of 1 ohm
- n. the cardinal compass point that is a 270 degrees
- n. a heavy grey-white metallic element; the pure form is used mainly in electrical applications; it is found in several ores including wolframite and scheelite
- n. the 23rd letter of the Roman alphabet
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Thus, the sentence ˜I am a philosopher™ is false with respect to c and w, but true with respect to c and w*.
But what is the intuitive connection between w and w*?
To provide the required counterexample, just consider a model in which A holds at w, B doesn't hold at w, and A doesn't hold at w*.
(SÂ¬) vw (Â¬A) = 1 if and only if vw* (A) = 0, that is, Â¬A is true at a world w if and only if A is false, not at w itself (as it happens with standard negation), but at its twin w*.
Given a world w, the involution operation produces a world w* which is, in a sense to be specified, its “reverse twin”.
Stalnaker's semantics uses a "selection function", F, which selects, for any proposition A and any world w, a world, w², the nearest (most similar) world to w at which A is true.
"If A, B" is true at w iff B is true at F (A, w), i.e. at w², the world most similar to w at which A is true.
The propositional concept corresponding to this statement will yield the truth for any pair of worlds w, w² such that there is an x that is referred to as ˜that man™ in w, and x is sitting in w².
Suppose Moe is sitting in the actual world w and standing in alternative world w², while Curley is standing in
But Klagge took that to show that w and w* do not provide a counterexample to the strong supervenience of A on B after all.
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