American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The sixth letter of the modern English alphabet.
- n. Any of the speech sounds represented by the letter f.
- n. The sixth in a series.
- n. Something shaped like the letter F.
- n. A grade that indicates failing status.
- n. Music The fourth tone in the scale of C major or the sixth tone in the relative minor scale.
- n. Music A key or scale in which F is the tonic.
- n. Music A written or printed note representing this tone.
- n. Music A string, key, or pipe tuned to the pitch of this tone.
- abbr. Grammar feminine
- abbr. focal length
- abbr. forte.
- abbr. function.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- The sixth letter and fourth consonant in the English alphabet, as in the Latin and the Phenician, and also as in the early Greek alphabet, through which the Latin was derived from the Phenician (see A), although it has gone out of use in the alphabet generally known to us as Greek. The Phenician character had the name vav or waw (meaning ‘peg’ or ‘hook’), and its value was that of our English w. This same value it had in primitive Greek use, and it is found so used in western inscriptions, although lost too early to appear in eastern inscriptions. The sound, namely w, went gradually out of use in Greek, and its sign went with it. Since the latter somewhat resembled in form one gamma (
Γ) written above another, the Greek grammarians gave it the fanciful name of digamma or double gamma, by which therefore we generally call it as a Greek letter. The comparative scheme of forms (compare A) is as follows:
- In the adaptation of the alphabet to Latin use the sign first received the value we give it, since the f-sound occurred in Latin and needed a representative; the w-sound was provided for by being written with the same character as u. (See U and V.) The sound f, as we pronounce it, is a surd (or breathed, or voiceless) labiodental, a fricative sound or spirant: that is to say, it is made by the audible friction or rustling of the unintonated breath, when forced out between the edge of the lower lip and the tips of the upper teeth, these being held in contact with one another. If, everything else remaining the same, the intonated breath be forced out instead, the sound is v (as in valve, vivid); hence, f and v are corresponding surd and sonant. An f, nearly identical with ours in audible character, may also be made between the edges of the two lips alone, without any help from the teeth; and such a purely labial f is heard in many languages, and is with probability to be regarded as more primitive than the labiodental f, and as forming the transition to it, in the languages where the latter prevails. The same sound is also widely represented in English by ph, but almost only in words coming from the Greek; it also exists in some words written with gh, as laugh, cough, clough, rough, tough, etc., the labial aspirant having taken in such words the place of the palatal, such change being recognized in the spelling in only a few words, as dwarf, draft (= draught), duff (= dough, as formerly pronounced), etc. Historically, f stands in general for a more original p, as found in Sanskrit and the classical languages: thus, father for pitar,
πατήρ, pater, etc.
- As a medieval Roman numeral, 40, and with a dash over it, F, 40,000.
- In music: The key-note of the major key of one flat having the signature shown in fig. 3, or of the minor key of four flats having the signature shown in fig. 4; also, the final of the Lydian mode in medieval music.
- In the fixed system of solmization, the fourth tone of the scale of C, called fa, and hence so named by French musicians.
- On the keyboard of the pianoforte, the white key next to the left of each group of three black keys.
- The tone given by such a key, or a tone in unison with such a tone.
- The degree of a staff assigned to such a key or tone; with the treble clef, the lower space or upper line .
- A note on such a degree, indicating such a key or tone .
- [cap. or lowercase] [Abbr. of function.] In algebra, the sign of an operation in general, and especially of a function having a differential coefficient.
- An abbreviation— of Fellow (see F. R. S., F. S. A., etc.);
- in physics, of Fahrenheit (which see);
- in fisheries, of full fish—a commercial mark;
- in a ship's log-book, of fog.
- The chemical symbol of fluorin.
- n. An abbreviation of Free Church (of Scotland): as, the F. C. Presbytery.
- n. An abbreviation of Fidei Defensor, Defender of the Faith. See Defender of the Faith, under defender.
- n. An abbreviation of field-marshal.
- n. An abbreviation of field-officer.
- n. An abbreviation of Fenian Brother-hood;
- n. of Free Baptist.
- n. An abbreviation in freemasonry, of Fellow-craft;
- n. [lowercase] of the Latin fidei commissum, bequeathed in trust.
- n. An abbreviation of Foreign Mission.
- n. An abbreviation of Foreign Office.
- An abbreviation of fire-plug.
- n. An abbreviation of foot-second.
- n. The sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
- n. music forte
- n. voiceless labiodental fricative
- n. The sixth letter of the English alphabet, called ef and written in the Latin script.
- n. The ordinal number sixth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called ef and written in the Latin script.
- n. music The name of the fourth tone of the model scale, or scale of C. F sharp (F♯) is a tone intermediate between F and G.
- abbr. printing Folio, paper and book size (10"-12.5" x 15"-20")
- abbr. euphemistic fuck
- abbr. Alternative form of f..
GNU Webster's 1913
- F is the sixth letter of the English alphabet, and a nonvocal consonant. Its form and sound are from the Latin. The Latin borrowed the form from the Greek digamma �, which probably had the value of English w consonant. The form and value of Greek letter came from the Phœnician, the ultimate source being probably Egyptian. Etymologically f is most closely related to p, k, v, and b; as in E. five, Gr. pe`nte; E. wolf, L. lupus, Gr. ly`kos; E. fox, vixen ; fragile, break; fruit, brook, v. t.; E. bear, L. ferre. See
Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 178, 179, 188, 198, 230.
- (Mus.) The name of the fourth tone of the model scale, or scale of C. F sharp (F ♯) is a tone intermediate between F and G.
- n. a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature
- n. the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet
- n. the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates
- n. a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
- Modification of upper case Latin letter F, from Greek Ϝ (W, "Digamma"), from Phœnician 𐤅 (W, "waw"), the ultimate source being probably Egyptian. (Wiktionary)
“Above the hum of the private jet waiting below, the crowd heard these last words, To the Republican who called me a m---f--er, f--- you!”
“They go on about their thing, then I start yelling, 'I've f-- king had it up to here with your f--- king bulls -- t.”
“David Schwartz: A.Z: f(x,y) is f(x)+f(y), where f() is a normal distribution with mean equal to the measured value and standard deviation equal to 1/2 the tolerance.”
“A.Z: f(x,y) is f(x)+f(y), where f() is a normal distribution with mean equal to the measured value and standard deviation equal to 1/2 the tolerance.”
“Can't watch funny, biting, satirical movie, for discomfort at f--- and f------ used so often they'd have to bleep out the whole movie to air on tv.”
“Draw the rectangle _b f g c_, and then the diagonal line _b e_; at a right angle to _b e_ draw line _f h_, cutting B B at _i_.”
“Provided the lengths of the springs, f and _f'_, are proper, such vibrations will not be altered.”
“[F: (g, a, b -, c) (d e f g) (a b c 'd') G: (e 'f+' g 'a')]”
“[F: (g, a, b -, c) (d e f g) G: (a b c 'd') (e 'f+' g 'a')]”
“[G: (a a+ b c 'c+' d ') (a' a+ 'b' c '' c+ '' d '') (e '') f '' f+ '' g '' g+ '' (a '' a+ '' b '' c '' 'c+' '' d '' ')]”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘f’.
See also The Phonetic alphabet by oroboros.
Name Sym # Wt
actinium Ac 89 (227)
aluminum Al 13 26.98
americium Am 95 (243)
antimony Sb 51 121.7
argon Ar 18 39.94
arsenic As 33 74.92
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