Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • The capital and largest city of Italy, in the west-central part of the country on the Tiber River. Traditionally founded by Romulus in 753 BC, it was ruled first by Etruscans, who were overthrown c. 500 BC. The Roman Republic gradually extended its territory and expanded its influence, giving way to the Roman Empire during the reign of Augustus (27 BC–AD 14). As capital of the empire, Rome was considered the center of the known world, but the city declined when Constantine transferred his capital to Byzantium (c. 330). Alaric I conquered the city in 410, leading to a lengthy period of devastation by Germanic tribes. In the Middle Ages the city revived as the spiritual and temporal power of the papacy increased. During the 1800s Rome was held at various times by the French until it became the capital of Italy in 1871. Vatican City remains an independent enclave within the confines of Rome.
  • A city of central New York on the Mohawk River west-northwest of Utica. Because of its location as a portage point, the city was strategically important during the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolution.
  • noun A variety of apple having round firm fruit with tough red skin.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • A Middle English form of roam.
  • To growl; roar.
  • noun A Middle English form of room.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun A province of Latium, Italy.
  • proper noun A city, the capital of the province of Latium and also of Italy.
  • proper noun The Roman Empire
  • proper noun The Catholic Church; The Pope (especially before the founding of the Vatican State).

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church
  • noun capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[After Rome, Township, Ohio, where it was discovered.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Ultimately from Latin Rōma. Cf. French Rome.

Examples

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