Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A short mantle fastened at the shoulder, worn by men in ancient Greece.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A short cloak caught up on the shoulder, worn by hunters, soldiers, and horsemen in Ancient Greece.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A loose and flowing outer garment, worn by the ancient Greeks; a kind of cloak.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In ancient Greek costume, a form of mantle which left both arms free, worn especially by equestrians, hunters, and travelers, and by soldiers.
  • n. A purple cope; one of the pontifical vestments.
  • n. In zoology: A genus of phytophagous beetles, of the family Chrysomelidæ or Cryptocephalidæ, covered with tuberosities, having the prothorax grooved to receive the short antennæ; and the legs compressed and retractile into cavities.
  • n. A genus of bivalve mollusks: synonymous with

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. collective term for the outer parts of a flower consisting of the calyx and corolla and enclosing the stamens and pistils
  • n. a short mantle or cape fastened at the shoulder; worn by men in ancient Greece

Etymologies

Latin, from Greek khlamus.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek χλαμύς. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The chlamys was a heavy woolen shawl, red or purple.

    Buried Cities, Complete Pompeii, Olympia, Mycenae

  • The hose are green in colour and plain; and the chlamys, which is blue, has a red lining with

    Lives of the Most Eminent Painters Sculptors and Architects Vol. 03 (of 10), Filarete and Simone to Mantegna

  • The chlamys was a foreign warrior’s garment, hardly the typical uniform of a Roman woman, though tellingly it was the dress of Virgil’s tragic heroine of the Aeneid, Queen Dido of Carthage, who like Agrippina had taken on traditionally male responsibilities, attempting to found a new kingdom for her people.62

    Caesars’ Wives

  • The paludamentum, a military style of garment reminiscent of the chlamys that Agrippina Minor once scandalously wore in public, had previously been reserved for the wardrobe of emperors.

    Caesars’ Wives

  • The event attracted an audience of thousands from the city and the provinces and involved nineteen thousand player-combatants navigating the twelve-mile-long lake in two teams of fifty ships a side.61 One of those present in the wooden viewing stands that day was the great Roman writer Pliny the Elder, who described the dazzling sight of Agrippina dressed in a golden chlamys, a Greek version of the Roman military cape that her husband was wearing.

    Caesars’ Wives

  • Beware! his hair filled with wrath, is epic; his blouse drapes itself like the folds of a chlamys.

    Les Miserables

  • After the Tsar recited the Nicene Creed as a profession of faith, and after an invocation of the Holy Ghost and a litany, the emperor assumed the purple chlamys, and the crown was then presented to him.

    Imperial Crown of Russia

  • Socrates says he felt when the chlamys blew aside and showed him the limbs of Charmides?

    Oscar Wilde, His Life and Confessions

  • And on her other side sat a little boy not yet three, tricked out like a king of Macedonia—a wide-brimmed purple hat with the diadem tied around its crown, purple chlamys, purple tunic, purple boots.

    Antony and Cleopatra

  • High above the people, upon their shoulders, on a flat golden shield, wrapped in a purple chlamys, with a laurel wreath on his flowing locks, stood his rival, the young poet Julius ....

    Dream tales and prose poems

Comments

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  • "The figure of Mercury had become both more theatrical and more human: no longer a statue, he was draped in a freshly laundered chlamys that set off his well-formed but slight physique; the broad-brimmed petasus sat charmingly on his curls."
    - "Description of a Masque" by John Ashbery, p 29 of the Noonday Press paperback edition of A Wave

    April 8, 2012