from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or involving knowledge; cognitive.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of or relating to knowledge or cognition; cognitive.
- adj. Of or relating to theory of knowledge (epistemology).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. of or pertaining to epistemology.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. of or relating to epistemology
The problem with arguments for the reliability of SP is typically what he calls epistemic circularity,
Regularity theorists counter that the N-relation is a mysterious bit of metaphysics, and that there is no way we could ever gain epistemic access to it.
(link) “The power to cultivate order in epistemic processes, to rationalize interpretive and representational practices to a political ideology, and subsequently, to define, institutionalize, and reproduce the parameters of legitimate and illegitimate knowledge.”
This is why I respect a view like Feynman’s as exemplary of the scientific outlook, grounding its justified beliefs in epistemic certainties but refuses to claim Absolute Certainty for them in and of themselves.
And for the most part, members of Camp B’s don’t * actively* try to exclude non-members (at least, I’d like to think that they don’t); it’s just that membership in epistemic communities (if we can call them that) just necessarily involves some exclusion, as matter of definition.
Next, an argument that a surprising number of people seem to find convincing, what we might call the epistemic argument for free will.
Perhaps we are on the verge of what Michel Foucault, the French social historian, called an epistemic break.
In both instances, the notion of epistemic certainty gained from a
With the exception of the so-called epistemic solutions, the main approaches to vagueness (such as the ones based on many-valued logics, or supervaluations) require some under-determinacy of reference, and/or the rejection of Bivalence: if an adolescent, m, is a borderline case of adultness, A, then A (m) may turn out to have an intermediate truth value between truth and falsity, or no truth value at all.
But there are other kinds of authority; the kind Shane seems particularly concerned with is what I shall call epistemic authority, i.e. the authority people can acquire in virtue of knowing some field or craft well.