Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • intransitive verb To make hard; harden.
  • intransitive verb To inure, as to hardship or ridicule.
  • intransitive verb To make callous or obdurate.
  • intransitive verb To grow hard; harden.
  • intransitive verb To become firmly fixed or established.
  • adjective Hardened; obstinate; unfeeling.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To grow hard; harden; become hard: as, clay indurates by drying and by extreme heat.
  • To become fixed or habitual; pass into use; inure.
  • To make hard: as, extreme heat indurates clay.
  • To make hard in feeling; deprive of sensibility; render obdurate.
  • Hardened; unfeeling; indurated.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Hardened; not soft; indurated.
  • adjective Without sensibility; unfeeling; obdurate.
  • transitive verb To make hard
  • transitive verb To make unfeeling; to deprive of sensibility; to render obdurate.
  • intransitive verb To grow hard; to harden, or become hard.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective Indurated, obstinate, unfeeling, callous.
  • verb to harden or to grow hard
  • verb to make callous or unfeeling
  • verb to inure; to strengthen; to make hardy or robust.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate
  • verb become hard or harder
  • adjective emotionally hardened
  • verb become fixed or established
  • verb make hard or harder

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Latin indūrāre, indūrāt- : in-, intensive pref.; see in– + dūrus, hard; see deru- in Indo-European roots.]

Examples

  • Bertram Cornell, the indurate, cold-blooded Englishman, is struck by many arrows but remains upright and still as a statue as his comrades make their way to safety.

    “Why this longing for life? It is a game which no man wins.”

  • Usage: We see so much bad news every day that we risk becoming an indurate society, incapable of deep feeling until great tragedy.

    Word of the Week #11

  • He shall have all the good words that may be given, [2082] a proper man, and 'tis pity he hath no preferment, all good wishes, but inexorable, indurate as he is, he will not prefer him, though it be in his power, because he is indotatus, he hath no money.

    Anatomy of Melancholy

  • Its indurate was beginning to show the wear of feet and wheels through centuries.

    Starfarers

  • If there be not in her a proud mind, a crafty wit, and an indurate heart against God and His truth, my judgement faileth me.

    Mary Queen Of Scotland And The Isles

  • If there be not in her a proud mind, a crafty wit, and an indurate heart against God and His truth, my judgement faileth me.

    Mary Queen Of Scotland And The Isles

  • Neuerthelesse, desirous to vanquishe his indurate affections, he continued abroade for a certaine time, during whiche space, vnable to quenche the fire, he led a more desolate and troublesome life, then he did before.

    The Palace of Pleasure, Volume 1

  • 'If there be not in her a proud mind, a crafty wit, and an indurate heart against God and His truth, my judgment faileth me.'

    John Knox

  • They are so extremely short and indurate that it is difficult to imagine the function they perform; at first they are capable probably of absorbing from the air.

    Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and the Neighbouring Countries

  • It has been properly observed, that there are preparations which so indurate the cuticle, as to render it insensible to the heat of either boiling oil or melted lead; and the fatal qualities of certain poisons may be destroyed, if the medium through which they are imbibed, as we suppose to. be the case here, is a strong alkali.

    Miracle Mongers and Their Methods

Comments

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  • (adj): hardened; without feeling or sensibility.

    (v.t.): to make hard; to deprive of feeling or sensibility.

    (v.i.): to grow or become hard.

    His heart had grown cold, his feelings indurate. -- Victor Call

    December 31, 2008