Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A machine for shaping a piece of material, such as wood or metal, by rotating it rapidly along its axis while pressing a fixed cutting or abrading tool against it.
  • transitive v. To cut or shape on a lathe.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To invite; bid; ask.
  • n. An administrative division of the county of Kent, in England, from the Anglo-Saxon period until it fell entirely out of use in the early twentieth century.
  • n. A machine tool used to shape a piece of material, or workpiece, by rotating the workpiece against a cutting tool.
  • n. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; a lay, or batten.
  • n. A granary; a barn.
  • v. To shape with a lathe.
  • v. To produce a 3D model by rotating a set of points around a fixed axis.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo-Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent.
  • n. A granary; a barn.
  • n. A machine for turning, that is, for shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material, by causing them to revolve while acted upon by a cutting tool.
  • n. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; -- called also lay and batten.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A machine for working wood, metals, or other substances by causing the material to turn with greater or less speed, according to the nature of the material and the work to be performed, before a tool which is held at rest relatively to the peripheral motion of the object operated upon.
  • n. That part of a loom in which the reed is fixed, and by the movements of which the weft-threads are laid parallel to each other, shot after shot, in the process of weaving.
  • n. A barn or granary.
  • n. In England, apart or large division of a county, comprising several hundreds: a term now confined to the county of Kent, in which there are five of these lathes or divisions. See rape.
  • To invite; bid; ask.
  • A Middle English form of loath.
  • A Middle English form of loathe.
  • n. See sanding-machine.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. machine tool for shaping metal or wood; the workpiece turns about a horizontal axis against a fixed tool

Etymologies

Middle English, a device used by coopers, perhaps a turning lathe, probably of Scandinavian origin.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English lathen, from Old English laþian ("to invite, summon, call upon, ask"), from Proto-Germanic *laþōnan (“to invite”), from Proto-Indo-European *lēy- (“to want, desire”). Cognate with German laden ("to invite"), Icelandic laða ("to attract"), Albanian ledhë ("to flatter, spoil, caress"). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English *lath, from Old English lǣþ ("a division of a county containing several hundreds, a district, lathe"). (Wiktionary)
Middle English lath 'turning-lathe; stand', from Old Norse hlað 'pile, heap' (cf. Danish dialect lad 'stand, support frame' (as in drejelad 'turning-lathe', savelad 'saw bench'), Norwegian dialect la, lad 'pile, small wall', Swedish dialect lad 'folding table, lay of a loom'), from hlaða 'to load'. More at lade. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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