from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Literary study or classical scholarship.
- n. See historical linguistics.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The humanistic study of historical linguistics.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Criticism; grammatical learning.
- n. The study of language, especially in a philosophical manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of human speech, the relation of different tongues to one another, and historical development of languages; linguistic science.
- n. A treatise on the science of language.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The love or the study of learning and literature; the investigation of a language and its literature, or of languages and literatures, for the light they cast upon men's character, activity, and history.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the humanistic study of language and literature
One day a fellow-student, who pleased himself with what he called philology, remarked that his father must have been a hit of a humorist to name him Peregrine: -- "except indeed it be a family name!" he added.
After World War II, when I was working on a major in philology at Moscow State University, I chose to study American literature and to analyze the problem of "Jack London as a novelist."
This moment in philology was brought to you by the late J.R.R. Tolkein. gringro
He wished to put literary study, which then passed by the name philology, upon a rigorous scientific footing.
The discussion over at The One Ring, then, seems to be less about the idea of philology, but more about the potential suggestion that those without training in philology should sit down, shut up, and listen to the Annointed Priests of Philology and Literature.
Jutta Dick has degrees in German philology, history and philosophy.
How would you characterize his early interest in philology?
I had taken three years of Russian at Dartmouth and then I got a graduate fellowship in Russian philology at the University of Edinburgh.
The passion of the Russians and Chinese, under Communism, for archaeology, for the exact restoration of early buildings and structures, and for early philology is evidence of the scholarly and scientific validity and usefulness of archaeology, linguistic reconstruction, art history.
For the sake of first-hand access to important modern authorities in Latin philology, the candidate is required to have a good reading knowledge of German and French.