from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. before the time of Socrates
  • n. any philosopher who lived before Socrates


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Heraclitus of Ephesus is pre-socratic and his main doctrine, called "mobilism" I think, is indeed about how things are always changing and becoming, part of a constant flux that makes it impossible to see them as fixed, definable objects.

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  • A decisive step was reached with the thought on Inhabitation, which I think corresponds to the thinking Heidegger envisaged as that which would succeed his, viz. pre-socratic in feel if not in style, where poetic creation and philosophy become one and emphasis on the concept "world".


  • Many of the pre-socratic philosophers in fact had a concept of substance rather like that above attributed to chemistry: that is, their emphasis was on criterion (vi) above.


  • This may have been articulated as such earlier by someone else, but prior to Aristotle, there was a history of observation by the pre-socratic philosophers to substantiate understanding.

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

  • These pre-socratic philosophers are grouped in a timeline running from

    Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium - Recent changes [en]

  • I hesitate to call them “developments” because they haven’t changed in essence since pre-socratic Athens.

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  • "science", and science as the process of performing experiments, reasoning, and trying to describe the laws which govern matter without invoking gods, comes from ionia, the milesians, and the pre-socratic philosophers. what's new online!


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