Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The minimal number of officers and members of a committee or organization, usually a majority, who must be present for valid transaction of business.
  • n. A select group.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The minimum number of members required for a group to officially conduct business and to cast votes, often but not necessarily a majority or supermajority.
  • n. A selected body of persons.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Such a number of the officers or members of any body as is competent by law or constitution to transact business

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In England, those justices of the peace whose presence is necessary to constitute a bench.
  • n. The number of members of any constituted body of persons whose presence at or participation in a meeting is required to render its proceedings valid, or to enable it to transact business legally.
  • n. Requisite materials.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a gathering of the minimal number of members of an organization to conduct business

Etymologies

Middle English, quorum of justices of the peace, from Latin quōrum, of whom (from the wording of a commission naming certain persons as members of a body), genitive pl. of quī, who.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin quōrum, genitive plural form of quī ("who, which"), used as standard wording in written commissions. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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