from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The minimal number of officers and members of a committee or organization, usually a majority, who must be present for valid transaction of business.
- n. A select group.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The minimum number of members required for a group to officially conduct business and to cast votes, often but not necessarily a majority or supermajority.
- n. A selected body of persons.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Such a number of the officers or members of any body as is competent by law or constitution to transact business
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In England, those justices of the peace whose presence is necessary to constitute a bench.
- n. The number of members of any constituted body of persons whose presence at or participation in a meeting is required to render its proceedings valid, or to enable it to transact business legally.
- n. Requisite materials.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a gathering of the minimal number of members of an organization to conduct business
Two things: An ‘old-fashioned’ filibuster requires not only the filibuterer to speak, but at least 49 filibusterees to be in the chamber listening, else the speaker suggests the absence of a quorum, and can take a break while a quorum is assembled.
They've been to what they call a quorum call for some time now, trying to figure it out.
You did have what we call a quorum, more than half where they are voting.
The term quorum shall not apply to such gatherings. "
This means that the body has to stop what its doing and quickly check if a quorum is present, which for the Senate is a simple majority.
Since a quorum is 50 Senators or more, that means Senators who want to prevent a vote have to maintain 17 Senators close enough to get to the floor to vote 24/7.
Mr. President, I yield the floor and I make a point of order that a quorum is not present.
But, if no one objects, then the presence of a quorum is presumed, even though anyone with two eyes can see that not enough people are present.
Furthermore, the fact that a quorum is required by the Constitution for business to be conducted implies that a sufficient number of specific members must give specific agreement to specific bills for them to go to the President.
She apparently didn't know what a quorum is either.