from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The minimal number of officers and members of a committee or organization, usually a majority, who must be present for valid transaction of business.
- noun A select group.
- noun The minimal density of bacterial cells that results in altered gene expression in a population of bacteria.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In England, those justices of the peace whose presence is necessary to constitute a bench.
- noun The number of members of any constituted body of persons whose presence at or participation in a meeting is required to render its proceedings valid, or to enable it to transact business legally.
- noun Requisite materials.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun Such a number of the officers or members of any body as is competent by law or constitution to transact business
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun The
minimumnumber of members requiredfor a group to officially conduct businessand to cast votes, often but not necessarily a majorityor supermajority.
- noun A
selectedbody of persons.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun a gathering of the minimal number of members of an organization to conduct business
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Two things: An ‘old-fashioned’ filibuster requires not only the filibuterer to speak, but at least 49 filibusterees to be in the chamber listening, else the speaker suggests the absence of a quorum, and can take a break while a quorum is assembled.
They've been to what they call a quorum call for some time now, trying to figure it out.
You did have what we call a quorum, more than half where they are voting.
The term quorum shall not apply to such gatherings. "
But, if no one objects, then the presence of a quorum is presumed, even though anyone with two eyes can see that not enough people are present.
Furthermore, the fact that a quorum is required by the Constitution for business to be conducted implies that a sufficient number of specific members must give specific agreement to specific bills for them to go to the President.
This means that the body has to stop what its doing and quickly check if a quorum is present, which for the Senate is a simple majority.
Since a quorum is 50 Senators or more, that means Senators who want to prevent a vote have to maintain 17 Senators close enough to get to the floor to vote 24/7.
Mr. President, I yield the floor and I make a point of order that a quorum is not present.
She apparently didn't know what a quorum is either.