Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun One of the ancient commentators who annotated the classical authors.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun One who makes scholia; a commentator; an annotator; especially, an ancient grammarian who annotated the classics.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A maker of scholia; a commentator or annotator.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A scholar who writes commentaries on the works of an author, especially one of the ancient commentators of classical authors.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a scholar who writes explanatory notes on an author (especially an ancient commentator on a classical author)

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Medieval Greek skholiastēs, from skholiazein, to comment on, from Greek skholion, scholium; see scholium.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From late Latin scholiasta, from late Greek σχολιαστής, from σχολιάζειν, from σχόλιον ‘scholium’.

Examples

  • Later authors such as Iamblichus (VP 104, 267), Philoponus (De An.p. 88) and the scholiast on Plato (Alc. 121e) also call Alcmaeon a Pythagorean.

    Alcmaeon

  • A scholiast renders ‘giving eight mouthfulls’; but the elder Philostratus uses the word in contrast to

    Hesiod, Homeric Hymns, and Homerica

  • You, almost alone among men of letters, still, like a living friend, win and charm us out of the past; and if one might call up a poet, as the scholiast tried to call Homer, from the shades, who would not, out of all the rest, demand some hours of your society?

    Letters to Dead Authors

  • It is not easy to discover from what cause the acrimony of a scholiast can naturally proceed.

    Preface to Shakespeare

  • The compleat explanation of an authour not systematick and consequential, but desultory and vagrant, abounding in casual allusions and light hints, is not to be expected from any single scholiast.

    Preface to Shakespeare

  • Puritan? — not the less like to be a Papist, for all that — for extremities meet, as the scholiast proveth.

    The Fortunes of Nigel

  • The passage made me suspect that inscriptions would be found among the rocks, as the scholiast informs us that “men used to write upon rocks in order that their writing might remain.”

    Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah and Meccah

  • It is not easy to discover from what cause the acrimony of a scholiast can naturally proceed.

    Preface to Shakespeare

  • The compleat explanation of an authour not systematick and consequential, but desultory and vagrant, abounding in casual allusions and light hints, is not to be expected from any single scholiast.

    Preface to Shakespeare

  • "Ne dicatur, mendicat in palaestra infelix clericus," says the scholiast, -- "lest he should be driven to beg for want of maintenance."

    The Sermons of John Owen

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