from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To shiver convulsively, as from fear or revulsion. See Synonyms at shake.
  • intransitive v. To vibrate; quiver: The airplane shuddered in the turbulence.
  • n. A convulsive shiver, as from fear or revulsion; a tremor.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A shivering tremor.
  • n. A moment of almost pleasurable fear; a frisson.
  • v. To shake nervously, as if from fear.
  • v. To vibrate jerkily.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of shuddering, as with fear.
  • intransitive v. To tremble or shake with fear, horrer, or aversion; to shiver with cold; to quake.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To shake; quiver; vibrate.
  • Hence, in particular, to tremble with a sudden convulsive movement, as from horror, fright, aversion, cold, etc.; shiver; quake.
  • To have a tremulous or quivering appearance, as if from horror.
  • Synonyms Quake, etc. See shiver.
  • n. A tremulous motion; a quiver; a vibration.
  • n. Specifically, a quick involuntary tremor or quiver of the body, as from fear, disgust, horror, or cold; a convulsive shiver.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an almost pleasurable sensation of fright
  • v. tremble convulsively, as from fear or excitement
  • v. shake, as from cold
  • n. an involuntary vibration (as if from illness or fear)


Middle English shodderen, perhaps of Middle Dutch or Middle Low German origin.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Either from Middle Dutch schudderen or from Middle Low German schoderen (whence also Danish skudre). Cognate with Dutch schudden and German schaudern. (Wiktionary)



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