Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • intransitive verb To move or dislodge with a sudden, hard blow; strike heavily or jarringly.
  • intransitive verb To cause to move jerkily.
  • intransitive verb To put into a specified condition by or as if by a blow.
  • intransitive verb To make suddenly active or effective.
  • intransitive verb To disturb suddenly and severely; stun.
  • intransitive verb To proceed in an irregular, bumpy, or jerky fashion.
  • noun A sudden jarring or jerking motion, as from a blow.
  • noun A sudden, strong feeling of surprise or disappointment; a shock.
  • noun The cause of such a feeling.
  • noun A brief strong portion.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To shake with sudden jerks, as in a carriage on rough ground, or on a high-trotting horse.
  • To move with short, abrupt risings and fallings, as a carriage on rough ground; have a shaking or jerking motion.
  • noun A shock or shake by a sudden jerk, as in a carriage.
  • noun plural Cabbage-plants that in the spring go to seed prematurely.
  • noun Synonyms Collision, Concussion, etc. See shock.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • transitive verb To cause to move with a sudden motion, especially an up and down motion, as in a carriage going over rough ground, or on a high-trotting horse
  • transitive verb To stun or shock a person physically, as with a blow or electrical shock.
  • transitive verb To stun or shock or change the mental state of (a person) suddenly, as if with a blow.
  • noun A sudden shock or jerk; a jolting motion, as in a carriage moving over rough ground.
  • noun A physical or psychological shock; see jolt v. t. senses 2 and 3.
  • noun Something which causes a jolt{2}.
  • intransitive verb To shake with short, abrupt risings and fallings, as a carriage moving on rough ground.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb transitive To push or shake abruptly and roughly.
  • verb transitive To knock sharply; to deal a blow to.
  • verb transitive To shock (someone) into taking action or being alert; as, to jolt someone out of complacency
  • verb transitive To shock emotionally.
  • verb intransitive To shake; to move with a series of jerks.
  • noun An act of jolting.
  • noun A surprise or shock.
  • noun slang A long prison sentence.
  • noun slang A narcotic injection.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb move or cause to move with a sudden jerky motion
  • verb disturb (someone's) composure
  • noun a sudden jarring impact
  • noun an abrupt spasmodic movement

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Origin unknown.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Maybe from Middle English jollen.

Examples

Comments

New comments are temporarily disabled while we update our database.

  • Almost onomatopoeic.

    December 19, 2007