from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To daze or render senseless, by or as if by a blow.
  • transitive v. To overwhelm or daze with a loud noise.
  • transitive v. To stupefy, as with the emotional impact of an experience; astound. See Synonyms at daze.
  • n. A blow or shock that stupefies.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To incapacitate; especially by inducing disorientation or unconsciousness.
  • v. To shock or surprise.
  • v. To hit the cue ball so that it slides without topspin or backspin (and with or without sidespin) and continues at a natural angle after contact with the object ball
  • n. The condition of being stunned.
  • n. The effect on the cue ball where the ball is hit without topspin, backspin or sidespin.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The condition of being stunned.
  • transitive v. To make senseless or dizzy by violence; to render senseless by a blow, as on the head.
  • transitive v. To dull or deaden the sensibility of; to overcome; especially, to overpower one's sense of hearing.
  • transitive v. To astonish; to overpower; to bewilder.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To strike the ears of rudely, as it were by blows of sound; shock the hearing or the sense of; stupefy or bewilder by distracting noise.
  • To strike with stupor physically, as by a blow or violence of any kind; deprive, of consciousness or strength.
  • To benumb; stupefy; deaden.
  • To strike with astonishment; astound; amaze.
  • In stone-cutting, to injure by blows; bruise, as a stone, in such a way that splinters will drop off when the surface is cut or exposed to frost.
  • n. A stroke; a shock; a stupefying blow, whether physical or mental; a stunning effect.
  • n. In marble-working, one of the deep marks made by coarse particles of sand gelling between the saw-blade and the side of the kerf.
  • n. A patch on the surface of a block of stone where the material has been injured by a heavy blow. Compare stun, transitive verb, 5.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. make senseless or dizzy by or as if by a blow
  • v. overcome as with astonishment or disbelief
  • v. hit something or somebody as if with a sandbag


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English stonen, Old French estoner, from Vulgar Latin *extonāre : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin tonāre, to thunder.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English stunien, stonien, stounien, from Old English stunian ("to crash, make a loud sound, resound, roar, strike with a loud sound, dash, impinge, knock, confound, astonish, stupefy"), from Proto-Germanic *stunōnan, *stunjanan (“to sound, crash, bang, groan”), from Proto-Germanic *stenanan (“to moan, shout”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tona-, *(s)tena- (“to thunder, roar, groan”). Cognate with Middle Low German stonen ("to groan"), Middle High German stunen, stunden ("to drive, push, knock, strike"), Swedish stöna ("to moan, groan"), Icelandic stynja ("to moan"). Related also to Dutch stenen ("to groan"), German stöhnen ("to groan, moan"), German staunen ("to be astonished, be amazed, marvel at").


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  • Nuts in reverse.

    July 22, 2007