Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Relating to, involving, or of the nature of synthesis.
  • adj. Chemistry Produced by synthesis, especially not of natural origin.
  • adj. Not natural or genuine; artificial or contrived: "counterfeit rhetoric that flourishes when passions are synthetic” ( George F. Will).
  • adj. Prepared or made artificially: synthetic leather. See Synonyms at artificial.
  • adj. Linguistics Relating to or being a language, such as Latin or Russian, that uses inflectional affixes to express syntactic relationships.
  • adj. Logic & Philosophy Relating to or being a proposition that attributes to a subject a predicate not inherent in the subject and that does not result in a contradiction if negated.
  • n. A synthetic chemical compound or material.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of, or relating to synthesis.
  • adj. Produced by synthesis instead of being isolated from a natural source (but may be identical to a product so obtained).
  • adj. Artificial, not genuine.
  • adj. Pertaining to the joining of bound morphemes in a word. Compare analytic.
  • n. A synthetic compound.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis or composition.
  • adj. Artificial. Cf. Synthesis, 2.
  • adj. Comprising within itself structural or other characters which are usually found only in two or more diverse groups; -- said of species, genera, and higher groups. See the Note under Comprehensive, 3.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis: as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to the analytical.
  • In grammar, characterized by synthesis, or the combination of radical and formative elements into one word, as distinguished from their maintenance in separate words, which is analytic.
  • In biology, of a general or comprehensive type of structure; combining in one organism characters which are to be specialized in several different organisms in the course of evolution; generalized, not specialized; undifferentiated.
  • In chem., noting a substance made by artificial means, in the laboratory, in contradistinction to one produced without human agency, as in vegetables and animals. Thus indigo is produced from certain plants and may also be made artificially, or synthetically, from naphthalene.
  • In pictorial composition, noting an arrangement which tells a story or explains a situation.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. systematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words
  • adj. artificial as if portrayed in a film
  • adj. not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially
  • adj. involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis
  • adj. of a proposition whose truth value is determined by observation or facts
  • adj. not genuine or natural
  • n. a compound made artificially by chemical reactions

Etymologies

Greek sunthetikos, skilled in putting together, component, from sunthetos, combined, from suntithenai, to put together; see synthesis.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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