from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun Something false or empty that is purported to be genuine.
- noun Deceitfulness or pretense.
- noun One who claims to be what he or she is not; an impostor or fraud.
- noun A decorative cover made to simulate an article of household linen and used over or in place of it.
- adjective Not genuine; fake.
- intransitive verb To put on the false appearance of; feign.
- intransitive verb To assume a false appearance or character; dissemble.
from The Century Dictionary.
- To deceive; trick; cheat; delude with false pretenses.
- To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
- To make a pretense of in order to deceive; feign; imitate: as, to
- To pretend; make false pretenses; pretend to be, do, etc., what one is not, does not, does not mean, etc.
- noun Shame; disgrace; fault.
- noun A trick put upon one; a trick or device that deludes or disappoints expectation; fraud; imposture; make-believe; humbug: as, an age of shams.
- noun Some device meant to give a thing a different outward appearance, as of neatness and finish, or to imitate something which it is not. Specifically
- noun A false pillow-cover; a pillow-sham.
- noun A strip of fine linen, often embroidered, put under the upper edge of the bed-coverings and turned over, as if forming the upper end of the sheet.
- noun plural Gaiters.
- False; counterfeit; pretended: as, a sham fight.
- Synonyms Mock, spurious, make-believe.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- adjective False; counterfeit; pretended; feigned; unreal.
- noun That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoints; a make-believe; delusion; imposture; humbug.
- noun A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
- noun a covering to be laid on a pillow.
- intransitive verb To make false pretenses; to deceive; to feign; to impose.
- transitive verb To trick; to cheat; to deceive or delude with false pretenses.
- transitive verb rare To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
- transitive verb To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.
- transitive verb to feign sickness; to malinger. Hence a malingerer is called, in sailors' cant,
Sham Abram, or Sham Abraham.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- adjective Intended to
- noun A
fake; an imitationthat purports to be genuine.
- noun A decorative cover for a pillow.
- verb To deceive, cheat, lie.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- verb make believe with the intent to deceive
- adjective adopted in order to deceive
- verb make a pretence of
- noun a person who makes deceitful pretenses
- noun something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Instead of this, we either put on a stock with a sham tie, (now all _sham_ things, of what kind soever, militate against good taste,) or else, to make the most of our scarf, we fill up the aperture of the waistcoat with an ambitious quantity of drapery, and we stick therein an enormous and obtrusively ostentatious pin.
The term sham derives from the root shameful I believe.
Also on Sunday, the Taliban vowed to attack polling places in Sept. 18 parliamentary elections, warning Afghans not to participate in what it called a sham vote.
"I care deeply about the people of Zimbabwe, I am extremely disappointed in the election, which I labelled a sham election," Bush said with Tanzania President Jakaya Kikwete, the current chairman of the AU.
"I care deeply about the people of Zimbabwe, I am extremely disappointed in the election, which I labelled a sham election," Bush said on the sidelines of a summit of rich nations at this mountain resort in northern Japan.
"I'm extremely disappointed in the elections, which I labelled a sham election," he said.
Additional comments in the P-I story reveal what a sham is the rubric of "diversity" at UW and in Seattle.
PHILLIPS: Saddam Hussein, angry over what he calls a sham of a trial, boycotts today's proceedings in Baghdad.
Kaunda said he would organize a campaign of strikes, demonstrations and civil disobedience against what he termed sham elections that would lack legitimacy without his main opposition group taking part.
Associated Press Writers = KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) - The Taliban vowed Sunday to attack polling places in Sept. 18 parliamentary elections, warning Afghans not to participate in what it called a sham vote.