Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Made by humans; produced rather than natural.
  • adj. Brought about or caused by sociopolitical or other human-generated forces or influences: set up artificial barriers against women and minorities; an artificial economic boom.
  • adj. Made in imitation of something natural; simulated: artificial teeth.
  • adj. Not genuine or natural: an artificial smile.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Man-made; of artifice.
  • adj. False, misleading.
  • adj. Unnatural.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural.
  • adj. Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine.
  • adj. Artful; cunning; crafty.
  • adj. Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Of or pertaining to art; in accordance with the rules of art; technical.
  • Contrived with skill or art; artistically done or represented; elaborate.
  • Made or contrived by art, or by human skill and labor: opposed to natural: as, artificial heat or light; an artificial magnet.
  • Made in imitation of or as a substitute for that which is natural or real: as, artificial pearls or diamonds; artificial flowers.
  • Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; constrained; not genuine or natural: said of things.
  • Full of affectation; not natural: said of persons.
  • Artful; subtle; crafty; ingenious.
  • n. A production of art.
  • n. An artificer; an artisan.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • adj. contrived by art rather than nature
  • adj. artificially formal

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old French, from Latin artificiālis, belonging to art, from artificium, craftsmanship; see artifice.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Via Old French (French: artificiel), from Latin artificialis from artificium ("skill"), from artifex, from ars ("skill"), and -fex, from facere ("to make"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The distinction between artificial and natural virtues that dominates the virtue ethics of the Treatise is almost entirely absent from the moral Enquiry; the term ˜artificial™ occurs in the latter only once in a footnote.

    Hume's Moral Philosophy

  • Even I, the anti-geek, am familiar with the term artificial intelligence.

    I’m Working on That

  • This flattering promise of computing by Minsky had received a severe beating by history, in that, more than a generation later, by 2000's, "the failed promises ofAIcontinue to haunt AI research, as the New York Times reported in 2005: 'Computer scientists and software engineers avoided the term artificial intelligence for fear of being viewed as wild-eyed dreamers.'"

  • He doesn't like the term "artificial intelligence," but that's what he's talking about -- an algorithm that keeps learning, growing and improving its performance.

    BusinessWeek.com -- Top News

  • The idea of simulating human intelligence had been discussed for decades, but the term "artificial intelligence" - originally used to help raise funds to support the conference - stuck.

    NYT > Home Page

  • Mr. McCarthy coined the phrase "artificial intelligence" for a 1956 conference he organized at Dartmouth College with longtime collaborator Marvin Minsky, Mr. Shannon and others that is widely considered the crucible of the field.

    Computer Scientist Coined 'Artificial Intelligence'

  • Died: John McCarthy, 84, computer pioneer, coined the term artificial intelligence.

    What's News: World-Wide

  • The other sources of loss may be classed under the term artificial, and are connected with agricultural practice.

    Manures and the principles of manuring

  • The term artificial fertilizers, applies to all manurial applications, save those produced by domestic animals.

    Your Plants Plain and Practical Directions for the Treatment of Tender and Hardy Plants in the House and in the Garden

  • It is clearly a matter of Liberal principle that membership of a corporation should not depend on any hereditary qualification, nor be set about with any artificial difficulty of entry, where by the term artificial is meant any difficulty not involved in the nature of the occupation concerned, but designed for purposes of exclusiveness.

    Liberalism

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