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from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The jack of clubs and highest trump in certain variations of loo.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The jack of clubs in loo played with hands of 5 cards.
  • n. A card game, similar to napoleon, in which the jack of clubs is the highest trump.
  • v. To pan.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The knave of clubs.
  • n. A card game in which the jack of clubs is trump.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The knave of clubs in the game of loo.
  • n. Abbreviations of pamphlet.
  • n. A form of pan- before a labial.


Ultimately shortening of French pamphile, probably from Greek Pamphilos, beloved of all (personal name); see pamphlet.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Probably short for French Pamphile ("a given name"), special use of man's name. (Wiktionary)
Probably alteration of pan. (Wiktionary)



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