from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A serious injury or shock to the body, as from violence or an accident.
  • n. An emotional wound or shock that creates substantial, lasting damage to the psychological development of a person, often leading to neurosis.
  • n. An event or situation that causes great distress and disruption.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any serious injury to the body, often resulting from violence or an accident.
  • n. An emotional wound leading to psychological injury.
  • n. An event that causes great distress.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An abnormal condition of the living body produced by external violence, as distinguished from that produced by poisons, zymotic infection, bad habits, and other less evident causes; traumatism; an accidental wound, as distinguished from one caused by the surgeon's knife in an operation.
  • n. External violence producing bodily injury; the act of wounding, or infliction of a wound.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects
  • n. any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.


Greek; see terə-1 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (trauma, "wound, damage"). (Wiktionary)



Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.