from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act or process of breaking.
  • n. The condition of having been broken or ruptured: "a sudden and irreparable fracture of the established order” ( W. Bruce Lincoln).
  • n. A break, rupture, or crack, especially in bone or cartilage.
  • n. Mineralogy The characteristic manner in which a mineral breaks.
  • n. Mineralogy The characteristic appearance of the surface of a broken mineral.
  • n. Geology A crack or fault in a rock.
  • transitive v. To cause to break: The impact fractured a bone.
  • transitive v. To undergo a break in (a bone): He fractured his ankle in the fall.
  • transitive v. To disrupt or destroy as if by breaking: fractured the delicate balance of power.
  • transitive v. To abuse or misuse flagrantly, as by violating rules: ignorant writers who fracture the language.
  • transitive v. Slang To cause to laugh heartily: "Jack Benny fractured audiences . . . for more than 50 years” ( Newsweek).
  • intransitive v. To undergo a fracture. See Synonyms at break.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. the act of breaking, or something that has broken, especially that in bone or cartilage
  • n. a fault or crack in a rock
  • v. to break, or cause something to break

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of breaking or snapping asunder; rupture; breach.
  • n. The breaking of a bone.
  • n. The texture of a freshly broken surface
  • transitive v. To cause a fracture or fractures in; to break; to burst asunder; to crack; to separate the continuous parts of

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To break; cause a fracture in; crack: as, to fracture a bone or the skull.
  • Synonyms Cleave, Split, etc. See rend, and fracture, n.
  • To break; undergo fracture.
  • n. A breaking or a break; especially, a partial or total separation of parts of a continuous solid body under the action of a force; specifically, in surgery, the breaking of a bone.
  • n. A broken surface, with reference to texture or configuration, or to manner of breaking; specifically, in mineralogy, the characteristic breakage of a substance, or appearance presented on a surface other than that of cleavage: as, a compact fracture; a fibrous fracture; foliated, striated, or conchoidal fracture, etc.
  • n. Forcible separation or disunion; quarreling.
  • n. In phonology, same as breaking, 2.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. break into pieces
  • n. breaking of hard tissue such as bone
  • v. become fractured
  • v. fracture a bone of
  • v. violate or abuse
  • n. the act of cracking something
  • v. interrupt, break, or destroy
  • v. break (a bone)
  • n. (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old French, from Latin frāctūra, from frāctus, past participle of frangere, to break; see bhreg- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Old French, from Latin fractura ("a breach, fracture, cleft"), from frangere ("to break"), past participle fractus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrag-, from whence also English break. See fraction.



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