from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To cause (the skin) to roughen, redden, or crack, especially as a result of cold or exposure: The headwind chapped the cyclist's lips.
  • intransitive v. To split or become rough and sore: skin that chaps easily in winter.
  • n. A sore roughening or splitting of the skin, caused especially by cold or exposure.
  • n. Informal A man or boy; a fellow.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A man, a fellow.
  • n. A customer, a buyer.
  • n. A child.
  • v. Of the skin, to split or flake due to cold weather or dryness.
  • v. To strike, knock.
  • n. A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
  • n. A division; a breach, as in a party.
  • n. A blow; a rap.
  • n. The jaw (often in plural).

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.
  • n. A division; a breach, as in a party.
  • n. A blow; a rap.
  • n. One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; -- commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings.
  • n. One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.
  • n. A buyer; a chapman.
  • n. A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.
  • intransitive v. To crack or open in slits.
  • intransitive v. To strike; to knock; to rap.
  • intransitive v. To bargain; to buy.
  • transitive v. To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.
  • transitive v. To strike; to beat.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To cause to cleave, split, crack, or break in clefts: used of the effect of extreme cold followed by heat on exposed parts of the body, as the hands and lips, and sometimes of similar effects produced in any way on the surface of the earth, wood, etc. Also chop.
  • To strike, especially with a hammer or the like; beat.
  • To crack; open in slits, clefts, or fissures: as, the earth chaps; the hands chap. Also chop.
  • To knock, as at a door; strike, as a clock.
  • To buy or sell; trade: a variant of chop and cheap
  • To choose; choose definitely; select and claim: as, I chap this.
  • To fix definitely; accept and agree to as binding; hold to (a proposal, or the terms of a bargain): as, I chaps that; I chap (or chaps) you.
  • An abbreviation of chapter.
  • n. A fissure, cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth or in the hands or feet: also used figuratively. Also chop.
  • n. A stroke of any kind; a blow; a knock; especially, a tap or rap, as on a door, to draw attention. Also chaup.
  • n. The upper or lower part of the mouth; the jaw: commonly in the plural.
  • n. A jaw of a vise or clamp.
  • n. plural The mouth or entrance of a channel: as, the chops of the English channel.
  • n. A buyer; a chapman.
  • n. A fellow; a man or a boy: used familiarly, like fellow, and usually with a qualifying adjective, old, young, little, poor, etc., and loosely, much as the word fellow is.
  • n. The act of picking and choosing; selection: as, ‘chap and choice.’ See chap5, transitive verb
  • n. An abbreviation of chaplain.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a boy or man
  • n. (usually in the plural) leather leggings without a seat; joined by a belt; often have flared outer flaps; worn over trousers by cowboys to protect their legs
  • n. a long narrow depression in a surface
  • v. crack due to dehydration
  • n. a crack in a lip caused usually by cold


Middle English chappen.
Short for chapman.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Shortened from chapman ("dealer, customer") in 16th century English. (Wiktionary)
Related to chip. (Wiktionary)
From Northern English chafts - "the jaws" (Wiktionary)



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