Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A hard, brittle, corrosion-resistant, gray to white metallic element extracted from wolframite, scheelite, and other minerals, having the highest melting point and lowest vapor pressure of any metal. Tungsten and its alloys are used in high-temperature structural materials and wear-resistant tools and machine parts; in electrical elements, notably lamp filaments; and in instruments requiring thermally compatible glass-to-metal seals. Atomic number 74; atomic weight 183.84; melting point 3,422°C; boiling point 5,555°C; specific gravity 19.3 (20°C); valence 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. cross-reference: Periodic Table.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Chemical symbol, W; atomic weight, 183.5. A metal some of whose ores have long been known (see wolfram and scheelite), but they were supposed to be compounds of tin.
  • noun The native tungstate of lime.
  • noun Metallic tungsten has been obtained by means of the electric furnace in a fused state, though not quite compact, and probably not quite pure. It is of rather bright gray color, with metallic luster, specific gravity 18.7, hard, but not sufficiently so to scratch glass, of very high melting-point and softening gradually before fusion, so that it may be welded. It is little acted on by air or water at ordinary temperature, slowly attacked by hydrochloric, hydrofluoric, or sulphuric acid, rapidly by hydrochloric or hydrofluoric acid with addition of nitric acid, and when in powder burns in the air at a red heat.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Chem.) A rare element of the chromium group found in certain minerals, as wolfram and scheelite, and isolated as a heavy steel-gray metal which is very hard and infusible. It has both acid and basic properties. When alloyed in small quantities with steel, it greatly increases its hardness. Symbol W (Wolframium). Atomic weight, 183.6. Specific gravity, 18.
  • noun (Min.), obsolete Scheelite, or calcium tungstate.
  • noun (Min.) tungstite.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun a metallic chemical element (symbol W) with an atomic number of 74. The symbol is derived from the Latin word wolframium.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a heavy grey-white metallic element; the pure form is used mainly in electrical applications; it is found in several ores including wolframite and scheelite

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Swedish : tung, heavy (from Old Norse thungr) + sten, stone (from Old Norse steinn; see stāi- in Indo-European roots).]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Swedish and Danish tung heavy, + sten stone (although neither language uses "tungsten" as the name of the element)

Examples

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    December 2, 2007