Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A member of the branch of European Jews, historically Yiddish-speaking, who settled in central and northern Europe.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of or relating to Jews of German and Eastern Europe origin, and their traditions, customs, and rituals.
  • n. An Askhenazi Jew.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a Jew of eastern European or German descent

Etymologies

Medieval Hebrew 'aškənāzî, from 'aškənaz, Germany, adoption of Hebrew 'aškənaz, name of one of Noah's grandsons and of a neighboring people, perhaps alteration of earlier *'aškûz, Scythians; akin to Akkadian ašguzai, iškuzai, from Old Persian Saka-, Skūča-.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Hebrew Ashkenaz. Biblical Ashkenaz was the son of Japheth and grandson of Noah. His descendants were identified with Germans by medieval Jewish tradition. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • For those of you who are unfamiliar with the term Ashkenazi, briefly, these are Jews that are descended from the medieval ethnic Jewish communities of the Rhineland in the west of Germany.

    American Chronicle

  • Given the incidence of CAH in Ashkenazi Jews, I suspect at some point we may start offering CAH testing along with Tay Sachs and other genetic prenatal screens.

    Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia - Something to Consider

  • The total paternal European contribution in Ashkenazi Jews is estimated at 18%-30% with the overall total split surprisingly evenly between West Coastal and Central/Eastern European lineages.

    The Volokh Conspiracy » More Interesting DNA Information

  • Scientists at Yeshiva University in New York have identified two genetic mutations in short Ashkenazi Jewish women that may explain why they are more likely to be live over 100 years.

    Material World: Bad News for Those with Short Jewish Mother-in-Laws

  • Scientists say a mutation causes 18% of cases in Ashkenazi Jews and 37% in North African Arabs.

    January 26th, 2006

  • This current data also implies that hereditary breast cancer may account for at least 15-20% of all breast cancer in Ashkenazi Jewish women.

    Archive 2004-11-01

  • Of the putative alleles of large effect which have been suggested--and as far as I'm aware, the Ashkenazi are the only population in which such alleles have yet been found-- nearly all seem to be associated with some corresponding negative effect or risk factor.

    Archive 2009-01-01

  • -- They refuse to identify themselves with the 'state' of India that provided them refuge for 1000s of years and now they seek to identify themselves and see ‘cultural’ similarity with people with whom they are totally unrelated namely the Ashkenazi Jews.

    Why are South Indians so smart?

  • Israel will take all she can, and the Ashkenazi will be THE MASTERS.

    Alex Jones' Prison Planet.com

  • The Jewish Zionists who came to Palestine, starting in the late 19th century to colonize the land were European, also known as Ashkenazi Jews.

    body on the line

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • this is a Hebrew word that the Israeli Air Force is using to prepare themselves for an attack on their greatest enemy at this time.

    June 29, 2009