American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A place or state of torment or suffering.
- n. The abode of condemned souls; hell.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Jewish hist., the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, in which was Tophet, where the Israelites once sacrificed their children to Moloch (2 Ki. xxiii. 10). Hence the place was after-ward regarded as a place of abomination; into it was thrown the refuse of the city, and, according to some authorities, fires were kept burning in it to prevent pestilence.
- n. In the Bible, the place of the future punishment of the wicked: a transliteration of the Greek word
γέεννα, which the authorized version translates hell and hell-fire, and the revised version hell of fire and hell.
- n. In Judaism and the New Testament the place where some or all spirits are believed to go after death.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Jewish Hist.) The valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, where some of the Israelites sacrificed their children to Moloch, which, on this account, was afterward regarded as a place of abomination, and made a receptacle for all the refuse of the city, perpetual fires being kept up in order to prevent pestilential effluvia. In the New Testament the name is transferred, by an easy metaphor, to Hell.
- n. a place where the wicked are punished after death
- via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek γέεννα, from Hebrew גֵּיהִנּוֹם (ge'henom) ‘hell’, literally ‘valley of Hinnom’ (Wiktionary)
- Late Latin, from Greek Geenna, from Hebrew gê' hinnōm, possibly short for gê' ben hinnōm, valley of the son of Hinnom, a valley south of Jerusalem : gê', valley of, bound form of gay', valley; see gyא in Semitic roots + hinnōm, personal name; see hnn in Semitic roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“However, in the New Testament the term Gehenna is used more frequently in preference to hades, as a name for the place of punishment of the damned.”
“The term Gehenna is associated in the Bible with Tofteh, which was a place of impurity not far from the Temple.”
“waste, decay, regret, and sorrow" [p. 125] which is why Jesus used the term Gehenna”
“Gehenna is writing itself again, there in the back of my mind like the Ghost Of Christmas Stoned.”
“Unusually, we managed to spend most of the time actually discussing the book, 40,000 in Gehenna by C.J. Cherryh.”
“As for thee, O blonde, thy colour is that of leprosy and thine embrace is suffocation; 368 and it is of report that hoar-frost and icy cold369 are in Gehenna for the torment of the wicked.”
“It substitutes the word Gehenna, leaving the reader to ascertain its meaning.”
“They have examined all the existing Jewish writings where the word Gehenna was used from 300 B.C. to 300 A.”
“So the Rephaim came to be the wicked spirits in Gehenna, the lower of the two portions into which Sheol is divided.”
“The inhabitants of the places under the waters" are those in Gehenna, the lower of the two parts into which Sheol, according to the Jews, is divided; they answer to "destruction," that is, the place of the wicked in Job 26: 6, as "Rephaim" (Job 26: 5) to”
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