from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A city of southern Spain southeast of Córdoba. Founded by the Moors in the eighth century, it became the center of an independent kingdom in 1238. The city was captured by Castilian troops in 1492, ending Moorish control in Spain. Population: 236,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A city in Spain.
- proper n. A department of Nicaragua.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a city in southeastern Spain that was the capital of the Moorish kingdom until it was captured by Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492; site of the Alhambra (a palace and fortress built by Moors in the Middle Ages) which is now a major tourist attraction
The city, established as a colony in the 5th century BC by the Greeks, was named Elibyrge or Elybirge (Greek: Ἐλιβύργη). It was destroyed in 1010. In the subsequent reconstruction, the suburb of Gharnáta (Arabic: غَرْنَاطَة) was incorporated in the city, and the modern name derives from this. With the arrival of the Zirid dynasty in 1013, Granada became an independent emirate Taifa of Granada. (Wiktionary)