Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A member of a Mesoamerican Indian people inhabiting southeast Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize, whose civilization reached its height around A.D. 300-900. The Maya are noted for their architecture and city planning, their mathematics and calendar, and their hieroglyphic writing system.
  • n. A modern-day descendant of this people.
  • n. Any of the Mayan languages, especially Quiché and Yucatec.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A member of a Mesoamerican civilization that existed in and around Guatemala in the 4th to 10th centuries.
  • proper n. A descendant of these people.
  • proper n. Any of the Mayan languages, such as Quiché and Yucatec.
  • proper n. A female given name of modern usage.
  • proper n. In Sanskrit, illusion; God's physical and metaphysical creation (literally, "not this").
  • proper n. A female given name used in India.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The name (in Vedantic philosphy) for the doctrine of the unreality of matter, called, in English, idealism; hence, nothingness; vanity; illusion.
  • n. the Hindu goddess personifying the power that creates phenomena.
  • n. the power to produce illusions.
  • proper n. the Indian people occupying the area of Veracruz, Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche, and Yucatan, together with a part of Guatemala and a part of Salvador. The Maya peoples are dark, short, and brachycephalic, and at the time of the discovery had attained a higher grade of culture than any other American people. They cultivated a variety of crops, were expert in the manufacture and dyeing of cotton fabrics, used cacao as a medium of exchange, and were workers of gold, silver, and copper. Their architecture comprised elaborately carved temples and palaces, and they possessed a superior calendar, and a developed system of hieroglyphic writing, with records said to go back to about 700 a. d.
  • proper n. the language of the Mayas.

Etymologies

Spanish.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Self-designation of the Yucatec Mayas. (Wiktionary)
From Maria, ultimately from Hebrew, and from Maia, from Latin. (Wiktionary)
From Sanskrit (Wiktionary)

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