American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- A region of southwest Asia generally thought to include Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the other countries of the Arabian Peninsula. Egypt and Sudan in northeast Africa are sometimes considered part of the region.
- n. The region located south of Eastern Europe, comprised of Anatolia, Transcaucasia, the Levant, and Mesopotamia.
- n. the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century
“An Apocalypse of Daniel which circulated in antiquity in the Near East dealt with various topics from Sin, Šamaš, and Adad.”
“This is the heart of the regime, said David Schenker, director of the Program on Arab Politics at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy.”
“Eleanor Robson, a specialist in the history of mathematics in the ancient Near East and an Oxford fellow, said, “You’d have to go back centuries, to the Mongol invasion of Baghdad in 1258, to find looting on this scale.””
“The refugees would continue to be fed and clothed by a committee similar to UNRWA—the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East paid for mostly by the United States since 1948.”
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