American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Judaism The feast commemorating the exodus of the Jews from Egypt, celebrated on the first night or the first two nights of Passover.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The order of the service and feast on the first night of the Jewish Passover, repeated on the second night by those who keep the Second day. The seder table is very elaborately decorated. Three matsoth, or unleavened cakes (called mitsvoth or commandments), are placed one upon the other in front of the head of the family. The top cake is named ‘Cohen,’ the middle ‘Levi,’ and that at the bottom ‘Israel,’ the whole representing the three Mosaic categories of the Jewish nation. An oriental dish (a mixture composed of apples, almonds, cinnamon, etc.), called
h˙aroseth, horse-radish, called maror(bitter herbs), part of the shoulder-bone of a broiled lamb, called zero'a(shoulder), a baked egg, lettuce, and salt water are also placed npon the seder table. When it is fully spread, the celebrant, generally the head of the family, begins with the first of the thirteen functions in the seder service which is called kadesh, ‘sanctiflcation,’ when a blessing (berakah) is pronounced upon the first cup of wine. The second function is called rahats, when the celebrant slightly washes his hands. The third is karpas, when celery or lettuce is eaten. At the fourth, yah˙ats, the celebrant divides the middle cake, this ‘Levi,’ and hides one half under the cushion at the right, reserving it for the afikomen. At the fifth, maggid, the celebrant as well as all the participants recite the hagadah liturgy. At the sixth, rah˙'tsah, all wash their hands. The seventh, motse, is when the celebrant breaks the ‘Cohen’ and half of the ‘Levi’ cakes and distributes one piece of each to every member of the family, after which he says a blessing and the motse is eaten with avidity. The eighth, maror, is when a blessing is said and a piece of horse-radish or other bitter vegetable is eaten. At the ninth, korekh (Hiliel's ceremony), horseradish is placed between two pieces of matsa so as to fulfil to the letter the command (Exod. xii. 8) in the same manner that Hillel did “when the Temple (lit. the Holy House) existed.” At the tenth, shulh˙an, the meal is eaten. At the eleventh, tsaphon, the half of the ‘Levi’ matsa which was put aside at the beginning of the service for the afikomen is produced, and the celebrant breaks it and distributes the pieces among the participants. At the twelfth, berakh, the benediction is said. The last function is called hallel(which see), when Ps. cxv-cxviii. are recited or chanted. Four cups of wine, called kosoth, are drunk by each member during the seder services. One special cup of wine is placed on the center of the table. It is called the ‘Prophet. Elijah's cup.’ See Elijah's cup.
- n. (Judaism) the ceremonial dinner on the first night (or both nights) of Passover
- Hebrew sēder, order, arrangement, Seder; see sdr in Semitic roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The word Seder itself, in Hebrew, actually means order.”
“This application of information design to the Passover Seder is obsessive, wonderful, and massively cognitively dissonant.”
“Look at how I treated the Pope! just as his Seder was a insincere gesture for his Jewish supporters, his appearances at UCC were a nod to his radical black constituency, and his more mainstream religious maneuvers were a fraudulent sop to the rest of the country.”
“Now for those that don't celebrate Passover, the real quick summary is that a Seder is a ritual meal you eat on the first two nights of the holiday, to commemorate the Jews' flight from Egypt and escape from Pharoah's reign, eventually culminating in... yes, you've guessed it... the ten commandments!”
“It is again no mere coincidence that our great celebration of freedom is called a Seder, a word that means order.”
“Most Jews celebrate Passover by going to a specialized ritual dinner called a Seder on the first two days of the holiday.”
“This is called Seder, and is a sort of religious service that takes place around the dinner table around which friends and family have gathered.”
“The so-called Seder Revolution, combined with international pressure, helped drive the Syrians out earlier this year.”
“It's what people are calling Seder (ph) Revolution, a kind of echo of the Orange Revolution in Kiev.”
“O'BRIEN: So will a new Lebanon emerge from this so-called Seder (ph) Revolution, and does it signal a power shift in the Middle East?”
Looking for tweets for Seder.