American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A member of a French infantry unit, originally composed of Algerian recruits, characterized by colorful uniforms and precision drilling.
- n. A member of a group patterned after the French Zouaves, especially a member of such a unit of the Union Army in the U.S. Civil War.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A soldier belonging to a corps of light infantry in the French army, distinguished for their dash, intrepidity, and hardihood, and for their peculiar drill and showy Oriental uniform. The Zouaves were organized in Algeria in 1831, and consisted at first of two battalious chiefly of Kabyles and other natives, but ultimately became almost entirely French, with increased numbers. They served exclusively in Algeria till 1854, and afterward fought in European wars.
- n. A member of one of the volunteer regiments of the Union army in the American civil war (1861-5) which adopted the name and to some extent imitated the dress of the French Zouaves.
- n. military One of an active and hardy body of soldiers in the French service, originally Kabyle, but now composed of Frenchmen who wear the Kabyle dress.
- n. military Hence, one of a body of soldiers who adopt the dress and drill of the zouaves in French service, as was done by a number of volunteer regiments in the army of the United States in the Civil War, 1861-65.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. One of an active and hardy body of soldiers in the French service, originally Arabs, but now composed of Frenchmen who wear the Arab dress.
- n. Hence, one of a body of soldiers who adopt the dress and drill of the Zouaves, as was done by a number of volunteer regiments in the army of the United States in the Civil War, 1861-65.
- French, from Arabic زواوي (zawāwiy). (Wiktionary)
- French, from Berber Zwāwa, an Algerian tribe. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The "Zouave" made fast to the "Congress" on the land side, but she had not moved far when the ship grounded within easy range of the "Merrimac's" guns.”
“He had slipped his cable, shaken out some of his sails, and signalled to the tug-boat "Zouave" to come to his help.”
“The little "Zouave" cast off from the frigate, and as she cleared her, fired a single shot from her one gun at the "Merrimac," and then ran down to the "Minnesota.”
“The little "Zouave" fired half a dozen shots, which fell short.”
“By the wharf at Newport News lay a tug-boat, the "Zouave," which had been armed with a 30-pounder gun, and was rated as a gunboat and tender to the fleet.”
“North African units in France's World War I army, such as Zouave infantrymen or Spahi cavalrymen, gained fame for their battlefield courage and for the splendor of their colorful uniforms.”
“Zouave, "and was struck with the truly patriotic and American manner in which" Zouave "was made to rhyme in different stanzas with" grave, brave, save, and glaive. ”
“In September, 1855, French Zouave elite infantry in baggy red pants, blue vests and tasseled hats finally stormed the great Malakoff Redoubt that overlooked the harbor, finally breaking Russian defenses.”
“Known as the Zouave bolero it was said to be inspired by the French Colonial trrops, the Zo uaves.”
“She also said that she wanted to be a crusader; and she expressed enthusiasm for being a member of the Pontifical Zouave.”
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